Garden of Eden

Neolithic Revolution - Danube River, c. 6200 - 4500 BC


Garden of Eden

Eden - Danube

I Jahve, Bog, zasadi vrt na istoku, u Edenu, i u nj smjesti čovjeka koga je napravio. .. Jahve, Bog, uzme čovjeka i postavi ga u edenski vrt da ga obrađuje i čuva.
  • Eden = Danube, korijenski minimum DN, (Danubian Civilization - Neolithic Revolution)


Garden of Eden, Danube

Upper Danube & Lower Danube

Vrt je zasađen na istoku. Istjera čovjeka istočno od Edena. Kajin ode istočno od Edena. Noa, potop,.. ljudi su se selili s istoka.

Dunav Danube - Known to the ancient Greeks as the Istros (Ἴστρος), in Latin, the Danube was variously known as Danubius, Danuvius or as Ister. The Dacian/Thracian name was Donaris for the upper Danube and Istros for the lower Danube.

  • Ister (lower Danube) & Danube (upper Danube) = E-den

Istok - Ister

Flammas eius lúcifer matutínus invéniat: ille, inquam, lúcifer, qui nescit occásum. Christus Fílius tuus, qui, regréssus ab ínferis, humáno géneri serénus illúxit, et vivit et regnat in sæcula sæculórum.

May this flame be found still burning by the Morning Star: the one Morning Star who never sets, Christ your Son, who, coming back from death's domain, has shed his peaceful light on humanity, and lives and reigns for ever and ever. - Flammas eius Lucifer

Ister od kojeg je nastala Istra, Issa..

Inanna (Ishtar), Utu (Shamash), Enki (Ea) & Isimud (Usumu)


Shamash with rays rising from his shoulders and holding a saw-toothed knife with which he cuts his way through the mountains of the east at dawn.

Istok = Danube/Ister = (Ishtar, Eosphorus/Phosphoros, Lucifer, zvijezda Danica (Venera), izlazi pred zoru prije izlaska Sunca na istočnom nebu.)

Alal ti vera

Venus, called "Meleket ha-Shamayim," "the queen of heaven," in Jeremiah 7:18 and elsewhere. That the latter means Venus is shown by the cakes which are said to have been baked for her. Among the Assyrians and Babylonians the cake offerings were called "the bread of Ishtar."

Helel (Alal) the "son of the morning," in Isaiah 14:12, is also thought by some to be the morning star (Venus when visible before dawn). This identification is better known to many English speakers as Lucifer, the "light-bearer.

Rijeka se grana u četiri kraka

Rijeka je izvirala iz Edena da bi natapala vrt; odatle se granala u četiri kraka.

Rijeka Danube (Pannonia) grana se u četiri kraka (Tisa, Sava)

Danube River


Rijeka se grana u četiri kraka


Avala (Vinča) - Danube, Tisa, Sava...


Vinča culture - Rijeka Danube grana se u četiri kraka, Tisa, Sava, Morava & Timiš

Pîšōn - Tisia

Prvom je ime Pišon, a optječe svom zemljom havilskom, u kojoj ima zlata.
  • Pîšōn = Tisia (Sklavini i Fisonci koji se nazivaju i Podunavcima.)

Havilah (Havale/Avala) - Valachie

Land of Havilah, where there is gold. (Ancient gold mining in Transylvania)

There is archaeological and metallurgical evidence of gold mining in the 'Golden Quadrilateral' of Transylvania since the late Stone Age. Alburnus Maior was founded by the Romans during the rule of Trajan as a mining town, with Illyrian colonists from South Dalmatia.


Transylvania - Valachia

  • Ha-Vilah = Valac-Hie (Valachie Danube); Walahi = Bilahi = BiLha, LaBan (bijelo, svijetlo, blistavo.. Sunce)

Frankish language *blank, Proto-Germanic *blankaz ‎(“bright, shining, blinding, white”‎), Proto-Indo-European *bʰleyǵ- ‎(“to shine”‎), Catalan, Occitan and French *blanc, Spanish *blanco, Italian *bianco, Galician-Portuguese *branco, Dalmatian *blank, etc.


Avala  - Havale

Avala is a mountain in Serbia, overlooking Belgrade. It is situated in the south-eastern corner of the city and provides a great panoramic view of Belgrade.

  • Havale/Avala = bijelo, svijetlo, blistavo.. Sunce (O Shining One)

Gold & Onyx

Zlato je te zemlje dobro, a ima ondje i bdelija i oniksa.

Gold & Onix, Danube River, Danubian Civilization

 
Late Neolithic, ca. 5000 BC

Onyx is a gemstone found in various regions of the world including Yemen, Uruguay, Argentina, Australia, Brazil, Canada, China, Czech Republic, Germany (Danube), India, Indonesia, Madagascar, Latin America, the UK, and various states in the US.


Tizsa, Vinča, Eastern Linear Pottery

 

Danubian Civilization, c. 6200 - 4500 BC

Y-DNA I2a, R1b & G2a2, H2, T1a


Danubian Civilization

Danubian culture was the first agrarian society in central and eastern Europe. It covers the Linear Pottery culture (Linearbandkeramik, LBK), stroked pottery and Rössen cultures.

The beginning of the Linear Pottery culture dates to around 5500 BC. It appears to have spread westwards along the valley of the river Danube and interacted with the cultures of Atlantic Europe when they reached the Paris Basin.

Danubian I peoples cleared forests and cultivated fertile loess soils from the Balkans to the Low Countries and the Paris Basin. They made LBK pottery and kept domesticated cows, pigs, dogs, sheep and goats. The diagnostic tool of the culture is the Shoe-last celt, a kind of long thin stone adze which was used to fell trees and sometimes as a weapon, evidenced by the skulls found at Talheim, Neckar in Germany and Schletz in Austria. Settlements consisted of longhouses. According to a theory by Eduard Sangmeister, these settlements were abandoned, possibly as fertile land was exhausted, and then reoccupied perhaps when the land had lain fallow for long enough. In contrast, Peter Modderman and Jens Lüning believe the settlements were constantly inhabited, with individual families using specific plots (Hofplätze). They also imported spondylus shells from the Mediterranean.

Danubian sites include those at Bylany in Bohemia and Köln-Lindenthal in Germany.


Map of the European Late Neolithic showing Danubian culture in Yellow


Neolithic cultures - Europe in ca. 5500 - 4500 BC

 

Lepenski Vir - First Oracle Center

The mountains of the east (Istok)


The mountains of the east (Istok)

TRESKAVAC, goli trapezasti monolit, ostatak vulkanske kupe na rumunskoj obali Đerdapske klisure bio je planina bogova blistave kulture Lepenskog vira pre 8.000 godina.

Njegovu vrh često obavijaju oblaci iz kojih je čuje treskanje gromova, a još impresivnija predstava odigrava se na dan letnje dugodnevice. Tad Treskavac u svitanje gubi trapezast obris i pretvara se u tamnu piramidu koju ocrtavaju sunčevi zraci s vrhom na kom nekoliko trenutaka blista sunce.


Sve su kolibe istočno orijentirane


Lepenski Vir - First Oracle Center

Sunce se dva puta rađa na dan dugodnevice 21. juna u Lepenskom viru, kaže Pavlović. To je astronomski fenomen jedinstven u svetu.

Naime, na letnju dugodnevicu u praskozorje prvi sunčev zrak kao snop reflektora nakratko bljesne kraj levog boka Treskavca. Zatim ovaj deo Đerdapske klisure ponovo utone u sumrak, a ubrzo zraci Sunca skrivenog iza strme stene formiraju svetlosni oreol koji oiviči tamnu masu trougla planine u senci. To je dramatični uvod u vrhunac prirodnog spektakla kad sunčev krug “iskače” tačno na vrh Treskavca gde zasija kao ogromno oko.

 

Mount Mashu - Shamash


The sun god Shamash rising between Mashu's Twin Peaks.

To the Sumerians, Mashu was a sacred mountain. Its name means "twin" in Akkadian, and thus was it portrayed on Babylonian cylinder seals - a twin-peaked mountain, described by poets as both the seat of the gods, and the underworld.


Treskavac

Mashu, as described in the Epic of Gilgamesh of Mesopotamian mythology, is a great cedar mountain through which the hero-king Gilgamesh passes via a tunnel on his journey to Dilmun. The texts spoke of mountainous Dilmun.

Mashu was located in a forest in the "land of the Living", where the names of the famous are written. It is alluded to in the episode Gilgamesh and Humbaba. In this story, Gilgamesh and his friend, Enkidu, travel to the Cedar (or Pine) Forest which is ruled over by a demonic monster named Humbaba.

While their motives for going to the Forest included gaining renown, it is also clear that they wanted the timber it contained. Humbaba, who had been appointed by the god Enlil to guard the Forest, is depicted as a one-eyed giant with the powers of a storm and breath of fire, perhaps the personification of a volcano. It is only with the help of another god, and a magically forged weapon that Gilgamesh triumphs over Humbaba.

But before his battle, Gilgamesh and Enkidu gaze in awe at the mountain called "the mountain of cedars, the dwelling-place of the gods and the throne of Ishtar". They climb onto the mountain, sacrifice cereals to it, and, in response, the mountain sends them puzzling dreams about their futures.

When they begin to fell trees, Humbaba senses their presence and, enraged, fixes his eye of death on the pair. Although Gilgamesh finally defeats the monster, Enkidu eventually weakens and dies from Humbaba's gaze and curse. In addition to its reputation as the "land of the Living", this forest is also a way to the underworld or the other world.

For right after killing Humbaba, Gilgamesh continues in the forest and "uncovered the sacred dwelling of the Anunnaki"-old gods who, like the Greek Titans, had been banished to the underworld . Furthermore, Gilgamesh seems to go into a death-like trance here; and in the same general region, the goddess Ishtar, whom Gilgamesh spurned, threatened to break in the doors of hell and bring up the dead to eat with the living.

Mashu is mentioned directly in the episode "Gilgamesh and the Search for Everlasting Life". This story unfolds after the death of Gilgamesh's friend, Enkidu, a wrenching experience which makes Gilgamesh face his own mortality and go searching for eternal life. It is en route to Utnapishtim, the one mortal to achieve immortality, that Gilgamesh comes to Mashu "the great mountain, which guards the rising and setting sun.

Its twin peaks are as high as the wall of heaven and its roots reach down to the underworld. At its gate the Scorpions stand guard, half man and half dragon; their glory is terrifying; their stare strikes death into men, their shining halo sweeps the mountains that guard the rising sun".

Gilgamesh is able to convince the Scorpion-people to open the gate and let him enter the long tunnel through the mountains. Eventually Gilgamesh emerges from the tunnel into a fantastic Garden of the gods, whose trees bear glittering jewels instead of fruit.

The corresponding location in reality has been the topic of speculation as no confirming evidence has been found. Jeffrey H. Tigay suggests that in the Sumerian version, through its association with the sun god Utu, "the Cedar Mountain is implicitly located in the east, whereas in the Akkadian versions, Gilgamesh's destination is removed from the east" and "explicitly located in the north west.

 

Dilmun - Garden of Eden

 
Vinča / Dilmun - Bucrania

The cradle of civilization is sometimes referenced by the name Dilmun. Here, it was said, the god Enki and his wife were placed to institute 'a sinless age of complete happiness'.

Here too animals lived in peace and harmony, man had no rival and the god Enlil `in one tongue gave praise'. It is also described as a pure, clean and `bright' `abode of the immortals' where death, disease and sorrow are unknown and some mortals have been given `life like a god', words reminiscent of the Airyana Vaejah, the realm of the immortals in Iranian myth and legend, and the Eden of Hebraic tradition.

Although Dilmun is equated by most scholars with the island of Bahrain in the Persian Gulf, there is evidence to suggest that a much earlier mythical Dilmun was located in a mountainous region beyond the plains of Sumer. But where exactly was it located Mesopotamian inscriptions do not say.

Dilmun was allegedly a magical land, the birthplace of the gods and the place where the arts of civilization where said first to have been transmitted to men. It was the subject of many legends told by the Sumerians, the people of southern Iraq; it was famed as a land where death and disease were unknown and men and animals lived at peace together.

It was the home of the Sumerian king who was the origin of the myth of Noah, the immortal survivor of the Great Flood, a story retold in the Qu'ran and the Bible.

The first great hero of world literature, Gilgamesh the king of Uruk, journeyed to Dilmun in search of the secret of eternal youth.

On one ancient tablet dated 3100 B.C. Dilmun is described as an "Elysium" where the inhabitants were eternally young and suffered no illnesses, "where the raven did not croak and wolves and lion did not devour their prey."

The name Dilmun is associated with that of Enki, the god of wisdom and water.

Dilmun, sometimes described as "the place where the sun rises" and "the Land of the Living" is the scene of a Sumerian creation myth and the place where the deified Sumerian hero of the flood Utnapishtim was taken by the gods to live for ever.

The Mesopotamian texts described Dilmun as situated at the 'mouth' of two bodies of water.

 

Avala (Dilmun) - First Kumbh Mela

Land of the Living


Ušće Save (Shiva) u Dunav

Kumbh Mela is a mass Hindu pilgrimage of faith in which Hindus gather to bathe in a sacred or holy river.

The main festival site is located on the banks of a river: the Ganges (Ganga) at Haridwar; the confluence (Sangam) of the Ganges and the Yamuna and the invisible Sarasvati at Allahabad; the Godavari at Nashik; and the Shipra at Ujjain. Bathing in these rivers is thought to cleanse a person of all their sins.

Kumbha Mela derives its name from both the original festival being held according to the astrological sign "Kumbha" (Aquarius), and from the associated Hindu legend in which the gods and demons fought over a pot, or “kumbh,” of nectar that would give them immortality.

The legend of samudra manthan tells of a battle between the Devas (benevolent deities) and Asuras (malevolent demigods) for amrita, the nectar drink of immortality. During samudra manthan, amrita was produced and placed in a Kumbha (pot). To prevent the asuras from seizing the amrita, a divine carrier flew away with the pot.

Ayodhya, Mathura, Haridwar, Kasi, Kanchi, Avantika and Dwaraka are the seven holy places.

Kumbh Mela;

Mela talijanski = jabuka (Epifiza/pinealna žlijezda izlučuje hormon melatonin "zlatnu tekućinu"). Zlatna jabuka bi trebala biti rajčica; na francuskom je zlatna jabuka pomme-d-or (pomodor), ili raj-čica rajska jabuka ili paradajz tj. paradise što znači raj.

 

Elysium - Paradise


Golden Age - Elysium

In Homer's Odyssey, Elysium is described as a paradise:

"to the Elysian plain...where life is easiest for men. No snow is there, nor heavy storm, nor ever rain, but ever does Ocean send up blasts of the shrill-blowing West Wind that they may give cooling to men." - Homer, Odyssey (4.560–565)

The Greek poet Hesiod refers to the Isles of the Blessed in his didactic poem Works and Days. In his book Greek Religion, Walter Burkert notes the connection with the motif of far-off Dilmun: "Thus Achilles is transported to the White Isle and becomes the Ruler of the Black Sea, and Diomedes becomes the divine lord of an Adriatic island".

And they live untouched by sorrow in the islands of the blessed along the shore of deep-swirling Ocean, happy heroes for whom the grain-giving earth bears honey-sweet fruit flourishing thrice a year, far from the deathless gods, and Cronos rules over them - Hesiod, Works and Days (170)

Pindar's Odes describes the reward waiting for those living a righteous life:

The good receive a life free from toil, not scraping with the strength of their arms the earth, nor the water of the sea, for the sake of a poor sustenance. But in the presence of the honored gods, those who gladly kept their oaths enjoy a life without tears, while the others undergo a toil that is unbearable to look at. Those who have persevered three times, on either side, to keep their souls free from all wrongdoing, follow Zeus' road to the end, to the tower of Cronus, where ocean breezes blow around the island of the blessed, and flowers of gold are blazing, some from splendid trees on land, while water nurtures others. With these wreaths and garlands of flowers they entwine their hands according to the righteous counsels of Rhadamanthys, whom the great father, the husband of Rhea whose throne is above all others, keeps close beside him as his partner. - Pindar, Odes (2.59–75)

Virgil's Elysium knows perpetual spring and shady groves, with its own sun and lit by its own stars: solemque suum, sua sidera norunt.

In no fix'd place the happy souls reside. In groves we live, and lie on mossy beds, By crystal streams, that murmur thro' the meads: But pass yon easy hill, and thence descend; The path conducts you to your journey's end.” This said, he led them up the mountain's brow, And shews them all the shining fields below. They wind the hill, and thro' the blissful meadows go. - Virgil, Aeneid (6.641)

 

Lepenski Vir / Vinča

 

Vinča / Lepenski Vir today

 
Vinča - Lepenski Vir

Uprkos sjajnim i ne samo po lokalnu baštinu dragocenim arheološkim otkrićima, stanje na terenu je više nego sumorno. Na putu ka arheološkom nalazištu Vinča nema nijedne table, ni jednog jedinog putokaza koji bi putniku namerniku ukazao gde se kriju ruine „centra sveta“ nekadašnjeg neolita.

Mesto, koje bi u bilo kojoj zapadnoevropskoj državi predstavljalo magnet za turiste i turističku atrakciju najvišeg ranga, samuje, napušteno. Tamo ne vozi nijedan autobus, nijedan rečni taksi, a u podnožju lokaliteta nalećemo na metalnu tablu sa upozorenjem da je nalazište zatvoreno zbog „klizišta“.


Drugi izvještaj o stvaranju

Adapa - Adam


Adapa sa čuperkom na stećcima


Adapa sa čuperkom


Astronomical seal from the Harappan era, Indus Valley, 3000-2600 BC

Oannes

The first of these legendary fish-man sages is known as Oan/Oannes (Sumerian) or Uanna/U-An (Akkadian); on a few cuneiform inscriptions this first sage has "adapa" appended to his name.


Lepenski Vir sculptures

 
Oannes

Adam

Čovjek (Adam) = Adapa - Adapa was a Mesopotamian mythical figure who unknowingly refused the gift of immortality.

Adam (bijela rasa) nastala u Vinči/Avala.

Vinča/Avala Beograd se nalazi na ušću Save u Dunav. Singidun keltsko ime grada 279 pne, Singidunum romanizirano keltsko ime, Bjelgrad slavensko ime, prevod starog keltskog; prvi put se javlja 878. u pismu Pape Ivana VIII caru Borisu Bugarskom, Alba Graeca latinski prijevod...

Korijen BL = semitski LB (metateza suglasnika); Bijel = Laban.; Latin; Blancus, Alba  (Bijelo)

 

Zemlja - Zemele

Jahve, Bog, napravi čovjeka od praha zemaljskog i u nosnice mu udahne dah života. Tako postane čovjek živa duša.
Da ne bi sada pružio ruku, ubrao sa stabla života pa pojeo i živio navijeke!" (23) Zato ga Jahve, Bog, istjera iz vrta edenskoga da obrađuje zemlju iz koje je i uzet.

Zemlja iz koje je i uzet = Semela Thraco-Phrygian Zemele, "mother earth".

 
Zemele (Zemlja), "mother earth"


The creation of man

 

Eva

The creation of Caucasian race


Adam & Eve

Ninti is the Sumerian goddess of life.

Ninti is also one of the eight goddesses of healing who was created by Ninhursag to heal Enki’s body. Her specific healing area was the rib (sumerian Ti means rib and to live). Enki had eaten forbidden flowers and was then cursed by Ninhursaga, who was later persuaded by the other gods to heal him. Some scholars suggest that this served as the basis for the story of Eve created from Adam's rib in the Book of Genesis.

Tada Jahve, Bog, pusti tvrd san na čovjeka te on zaspa, pa mu izvadi jedno rebro, a mjesto zatvori mesom.
Od rebra što ga je uzeo čovjeku napravi Jahve, Bog, ženu pa je dovede čovjeku.
Nato čovjek reče: "Gle, evo kosti od mojih kostiju, mesa od mesa mojega! Ženom neka se zove, od čovjeka kad je uzeta!"


Eva - Kloniranje

A ženi reče: "Trudnoći tvojoj muke ću umnožit, u mukama djecu ćeš rađati.


A ženi reče: "Trudnoći tvojoj muke ću umnožit, u mukama djecu ćeš rađati. - Eva


Rađanje u mukama na stečku

 
Sheela Na Gig

Lajja Gauri


Lajja Gauri

Her fertility aspect is emphasized by symbolic representation of the genitals, Yoni or the Womb, as blooming Lotus flower denoting blooming youth in some cases and in others through a simple yet detailed depiction of an exposed vulva. Added to the fact that she is sitting in a squatting position (malasana) with legs open, as in during childbirth, in some cases, the right foot is placed on a platform to facilitate full opening. She is invoked for abundant crops (vegetative fertility) and good progeny. A blossoming lotus replaces her head and neck, an icon often used in Tantra. The seven Chakras of human energy anatomy are often depicted as blossoming lotuses, and the Goddess is often depicted in her Sri Yantra as a Yoni, shown as a simplified triangle at the centre. Further, most fertility goddesses of the Ancient world are similarly shown headless, while giving prominent focus to the genitals. The arms of the goddess are bent upwards, each holding a lotus stem, held at the level of the head again depicted by the matured lotus flower.

   
Lajja Gauri

Owing to an absence of verifiable text in Vedic traditions on the iconography, she doesn’t seem to hold any exalted position in Hindu pantheon, despite her strong presence throughout India, especially in the tribal region of Bastar in Central India and downwards to the South, suggesting that the goddess had a cult of her own, later embraced into the mainstream religion through the myths of Sati and Parvati. The goddess is sometimes called Lajja Gauri, interpreted by some as the Innocent Creatrix, the Creator deity or at times simply "Headless Goddess".

 

Genetic disc


Genetic engineering


Lepenski Vir - Colombia - Sheela Na Gig

 
Genetic disc - Colombia

 

Vinča / Lepenski Vir > Ubaid, c. 4500 BC


Vinča - Ubaid

The original homeland of the Sumerians is unknown. We know that they are not local people because their language belongs to an isolated language group. During the 5th millennium B.C. a people known as the Ubaidians established settlements in the region later known as Sumer (Mesopotamia) It has been noticed that there are very clear similarities between the Ubaid artwork, and that of 'Old Europe' Vinca Culture which flourished c. 5,700 - 4,500 BC.


This bull was discovered in 1923 at Tell al-'Ubaid, close to the remains of the city of Ur. The bull was found among a group of objects at the foot of a mud brick platform that had originally supported a temple building dedicated to the goddess Ninhursag. The body of the bull originally had a wooden core, now decayed, which was covered in a thin layer of bitumen. Over this was hammered thin sheet copper (probably from Iran or Oman) secured with copper nails..


Painted jar dating from ca. 4500-4200 BC.

Later Ubaid: Wheel-made pottery often of a greenish hue, decorated with fine monochrome dark paint, used sparingly in broad black horizontal lines and simple curving shapes. Forms include large globular jars, shallow flaring bowls, round-bottomed bowls, and cups with flat bases. Below we have a painted jar dating from ca. 4500-4200 BC.

 

Lizard figurines


Vinča culture


Vinča culture


Vinča culture


So-called “Lizard” figurines, dating from ca. 4500 BC.
These figures were usually of women, slim, and often holding a child with an elongated head and slanted “coffee bean” eyes. Ears are not shown and the nose is only presented by two holes. Decoration is simple with bands of black/brown.

 
Ubaid figurine dated ca. 3500 BC.

 

Wheel

Many authorities regard the wheel as one of the oldest and most important inventions which supposedly originated in ancient Mesopotamia in the 5th millennium BC (Ubaid period).

 
Vinča culture

 

Eridu c. 4500 BC


Eridu

Kad je Mahalalelu bilo šezdeset i pet godina, rodi mu se Jered. (16) Po rođenju Jeredovu Mahalalel je živio osam stotina i trideset godina te mu se rodilo još sinova i kćeri. (17) Mahalalel poživje u svemu osam stotina devedeset i pet godina. Potom umrije. (18) Kad je Jeredu bilo sto šezdeset i dvije godine, rodi mu se Henok.

  • JeredEridu
  • Henok = Anakim or Anunnaki

 

Enki - Ea


Enki

Enki was a deity in Sumerian mythology, later known as Ea in Babylonian mythology. The name Ea is of Sumerian origin and was written by means of two signs signifying "house" and "water". Enki was the deity of water, intelligence, creation, and lord of the Apsu, the watery abyss.

Creation Myths

The main temple of Enki was the so-called e-engur-ra, the "house of the water-deep" in Eridu, which was in the wetlands of the Euphrates valley at some distance from the Persian Gulf - the Cradle of Civilization. His name is possibly an epithet bestowed on him for the creation of the first man, Adamu or Adapa.

He was the leader of the first sons of Anu who came down to Earth, playing a pivotal role in creating humans then saving them from the Deluge. According to Sumerian mythology, Enki allowed humanity to survive the Deluge designed to kill them. After Enlil and the rest of the Anunnaki, decided that Man would suffer total annihilation, he covertly rescued the human man Ziusudra by either instructing him to build some kind of an boat for his family, or by bringing him into the heavens in a magic boat. This is apparently the oldest surviving source of the Noah's Ark myth and other parallel Middle Eastern Deluge myths.

Flood Myths

Linked to flood myths, Enki was considered a god of life and replenishment, and was often depicted with streams of water emanating from his shoulders. Alongside him were trees symbolizing the male and female aspects of nature, each holding the male and female aspects of the 'Life Essence', which he, as apparent alchemist of the gods, would masterfully mix to create several beings that would live upon the face of the Earth.

Family

Enki's youngest son, Ningizzida, was Lord of the Tree of Truth, in Mesopotamia and played the role of Thoth in Egypt. The ancient Mystery School Teachings of Thoth were past down to his Initiates who became the priests. They hid the secret knowledge of creation, passing it down through the ages until their experiment was to end.

Symbols

Enki's emblem was two serpents entwined on a staff - the basis for the winged caduceus symbol used by modern Western medicine and the rod of Hermes. His symbols included a goat and a fish, which later combined into a single beast, the Capricorn, which became one of the signs of the zodiac. Enki's sacred number is 40.


Avala, c. 5700 BC

Cinnabar/Mercury


Cinnabar

Cinnabar and cinnabarite, likely deriving from the Ancient Greek: κιννάβαρι (kinnabari), refer to the common bright scarlet to brick-red form of mercury(II) sulfide (HgS) that is the most common source ore for refining elemental mercury, and is the historic source for the brilliant red or scarlet pigment termed vermilion and associated red mercury pigments.

Cinnabar has been mined for thousands of years, even as far back as the Neolithic Age. Because of its mercury content, cinnabar can be toxic to human beings. It was dangerous to those who mined and processed cinnabar, it caused shaking, loss of sense, and death.

.

The Avala had deposits of ores, most notably lead and mercury's ore of cinnabarite but mining activities which can be traced to the pre-Antiquity times. Archeologist Miloje Vasić believed that the vast mines of cinnabarite (mercury-sulfide) on Avala were crucial for the development of the Vinča culture, on the banks of the Danube circa 5700 BC. Settlers of Vinča apparently melted cinnabarite and used it in metallurgy.

  • Cinnabar, cinabaric = crvac

 

Vinča culture, c. 5500 - 4500 BC

Metallurgy - Arsenic - Mining

Copper occurs naturally as native metallic copper and was known to some of the oldest civilizations on record. The history of copper use dates to 9000 BC in the Middle East; a copper pendant was found in northern Iraq that dates to 8700 BC. Evidence suggests that gold and meteoric iron (but not smelted iron) were the only metals used by humans before copper. The history of copper metallurgy is thought to follow this sequence: First, cold working of native copper, then annealing, smelting, and, finally, lost-wax casting.

The earliest current evidence of copper smelting, dating from between 5500 BC and 5000 BC, has been found in Pločnik and Belovode, Serbia.


Hephaestus

Combining copper with tin and/or arsenic in the right proportions produces bronze, an alloy that is significantly harder than copper.

High levels of both copper particles and arsenic were found in Ötzi's hair. This, along with Ötzi's copper axe blade, which is 99.7% pure copper, has led scientists to speculate that Ötzi was involved in copper smelting.

Arsenic is an element with a vaporization point of 615 °C, such that arsenical oxide will be lost from the melt before or during casting, and fumes from fire setting for mining and ore processing have long been known to attack the eyes, lungs and skin.

Chronic arsenic poisoning leads to peripheral neuropathy, which can cause weakness in the legs and feet. It has been speculated that this lay behind the legend of lame smiths, such as the Greek god Hephaestus.

Rudarstvo

Da, srebro ima svoja nalazišta, a zlato mjesta gdje se pročišćava. (2) Ruda željezna iz zemlje se vadi, a iz rudače rastaljene bakar. (3) Ljudi tami postavljaju granice i kopaju do najvećih dubina za kamenom u mraku zakopanim. (4) Čeljad iz tuđine rovove dube do kojih ljudska ne dopire noga, visi njišuć' se, daleko od ljudi. (5) Krilo zemlje iz kojeg kruh nam niče kao od vatre sve je razrovano. (6) Stijene njene safira su skrovišta, prašina zlatna krije se u njima. (7) Tih putova ne znaju grabljivice, jastrebovo ih oko ne opaža. (8) Zvijeri divlje njima nisu kročile niti je kada lav njima prošao. (9) Ali na kamen diže čovjek ruku te iz korijena prevraća planine. (10) U kamenu prokopava prolaze, oko mu sve dragocjeno opaža. (11) Žilama vode on tok zaustavlja; stvari skrivene nosi na vidjelo. - Knjiga o Jobu

 

Neolithic/Chalcolithic mutation


Danubian Civilization

 

Fair skin, c. 5000 BC - Haplogroup G2a

G2a people may have been among the first humans to have acquired the alleles for fair skin. A hunter-gatherer from northern Spain tested by Olalde et al. 2014 still had dark skinned as recently as 7,000 years ago. In contrast, Early Neolithic farmers from the Balkans and Germany already possessed the alleles for fair skin found in modern Europeans.

 

Giants - Giant of Castelnau

Haplogroup I2a1 - (Dinaric race / Basque)

Three bone fragments of the alleged "Giant of Castelnau" compared to a regular size humerus (centre), after Georges Vacher de Lapouge.

The expression "Giant of Castelnau" refers to three bone fragments (a humerus, tibia, and femoral mid-shaft) discovered by Georges Vacher de Lapouge in 1890 in the sediment used to cover a Bronze Age burial tumulus, and then possibly dating back to the Neolithic. According to de Lapouge, the fossil bones may belong to one of the largest humans known to have existed. He estimated from the bone size that the human may have been about 3.50 metres (11.5 ft) tall. No modern peer-reviewed study has been published about the alleged giant bone fragments.

The bones were discovered by the anthropologist Georges Vacher de Lapouge at the Bronze Age cemetery of Castelnau-le-Lez, France in the winter of 1890. His findings were published in the journal La Nature, Vol. 18, 1890 Issue 888. The height of the individual was estimated at about 3.5 m (11 ft 5 in) according to de Lapouge, and the bones were dated to the Neolithic period, since they were found at the very bottom of the Bronze Age burial tumulus. The journal includes a photo engraving of what was identified as the humerus, tibia, and femoral mid-shaft of the giant compared to a normal size humerus in the center.

Writing in the journal La Nature, de Lapouge describes the bones in detail: "I think it unnecessary to note that these bones are undeniably human, despite their enormous size.... The first is the middle part of the shaft of a femur, 14 cm length, almost cylindrical in shape, and the circumference of the bone is 16 cm.... The second piece is the middle and upper part of the shaft of a tibia.... The circumference is 13 cm at the nutrient foramen.... the length of fragment is 26 cm.... The third, very singular, was regarded by good anatomists as the lower part of a humerus.... The volumes of the bones were more than double the normal pieces to which they correspond. Judging by the usual intervals of anatomical points, they also involve lengths almost double.... The subject would have been a likely size of 3m, 50."

The bones of the Castelnau giant were studied at the University of Montpellier and examined by M. Sabatier, professor of Zoology, at the University of Montpellier, and M. Delage, professor of paleontology at the University of Montpellier, in addition to other anatomists. In 1892 the bones were carefully studied by Dr. Paul Louis André Kiener, professor of pathological anatomy at Montpellier School of Medicine, for which he admitted they represented a "very tall race", but nevertheless found them abnormal in dimensions and apparently of "morbid growth."

It is of some interest that in 1894, press accounts mentioned a further discovery of bones of human giants unearthed at a prehistoric cemetery at Montpellier, France (5 km southwest of Castelnau), while workers were excavating a water works reservoir. Skulls "28, 31, and 32 inches in circumference" were reported alongside other bones of gigantic proportions which indicated they belonged to a race of men "between 10 and 15 feet in height." The bones were reportedly sent to the Paris Academy for further study.

 

Red hear

Where did red hair first arise?


Map of red hear

It has been suggested that red hair could have originated in Paleolithic Europe, especially since Neanderthal also had red hair. The only Neanderthal specimen tested so far (from Croatia) did not carry the same MC1R mutation responsible for red hair in modern humans (the mutation in question in known as Arg307Gly). But since Neanderthals evolved alongside Homo Sapiens for 600,000 years, and had numerous subspecies across all Europe, the Middle East and Central Asia, it cannot be ruled out that one particular subspecies of Neanderthal passed on the MC1R mutation to Homo Sapiens. It is however unlikely that this happened in Europe, because red hair is conspicuously absent from, or very low in parts of Europe with the highest percentages of haplogroup I (e.g. Finland, Bosnia, Sardinia) and R1a (Eastern Europe), the only two lineages associated with Mesolithic and Paleolithic Europeans. We must therefore look for the source of red hair, elsewhere. unsurpisingly, the answer lies with the R1b people - thought to have recolonised Central and Western Europe during the Bronze Age.

If the mutation for red hair was inherited from Neanderthal, it would have been from a Central Asian Neanderthal, perhaps from modern Uzbekistan.

 
Haplogroup R-S21 & R-L21

 

Hh negative blood

Basque - Haplogroup R1b & G2a, I2a1


Map of Hh negative blood


Haplogroup G2a-L497

İ2a1/Eu8 starosjedioci na Sardiniji i s manjim udjelima u Baskiji, Italiji, Francuskoj...

 

Blue eyes, c. 5000 BC

Haplogroup I2a

Some ancient peoples in Spain 7,000 years ago had blue eyes and dark skin.

Apologies to Frank Sinatra, but the real Ol' Blue Eyes has been found—a 7,000-year-old Spaniard whose fossil genes reveal that early Europeans sported blue eyes and dark skin.

Mapping the blue-eyed boy's genes is part of ongoing effort to uncover the DNA of ancient humans. The new study in the journal Nature, led by Inigo Olalde of Spain's Institut de Biología Evolutiva in Barcelona, reports the genetic map of a skeleton found in a Spanish cave.

 

Slučaj Vinča

Novi / Stari slučaj

Milašinović je predstavio svoj roman kao istinit događaj koji je decenijama prećutkivan tako da su novije generacije bile uskraćene da saznaju o udesu koji je izazvao „curenje“ radioaktivne materije iz reaktora u Nuklearnom institutu Vinča i tom prilikom je šest mladih naučnika letalno ozračeno.

Ubrzo su svi oni oboleli od radijacione bolesti za koju, naizgled, nema leka. Preostaje jedino da se u bolnici pariskog Instituta „Kiri“ obave eksperimentalne, humane transplantacije košstane srži, prve u svetu.

Milašinović smatra da je paradoks ovog akcidenta da su svi ozračeni poštovali zavet ćutanja jer nisu hteli da bilo koga optuže za udes čiji je ishod mogao da bude fatalan.

Osnivač Vinče akademik Pavle Savić nije hteo da se reaktor obezbedi od mogućeg isticanja nuklearne materije da bi bolje mogli da se prate eksperimenti, tako da je šestoro među njima i jedn ažena postali žrtve odsustva adekvatne zaštite od radijacije.

Prema rečima autora on je pre sedam godina objavio roman „Rascep“ u kome je obradio istu temu o udesu u „Vinči“, odlazak ozračenih u Francusku u bolnicu nuklearnog isntitutta „Kiri“, gde je kao jedino moguće lečenje bila zamena koštane srži ozračenih.

To do tada niko nije izveo, osim na zamorcima, ali su se francuski lekari složili da potraže dobrovoljne davaoce i „in vivo“ izvrše transplantaciju na srpskim naučnicima.

Lekari Anri Žame i Žorž Mate sa svojim saradnicima su izveli presađivanje i petoro ozračenih je izlečeno, a samo jedan je preminuo.

Kada se Milašinović odlučio da napiše sasvim novu verziju vinčanskog incidenta cilj mu je bio, kako je objasnio, da pokusa odgovoriti na pitanja kao što su kako su se osećali dovaoci srži, a kako oni kojima je presađivana, jer su i jedni i drugi mogli da preminu.

Takođe, pitao se, da li i danas može da se nađu ljudi koji bi za nepoznate strance bili spremni da ugroze sopstveni život.

On je došao do zaključka da sigurno ima tako humanih ljudi, ali da su mnogo ređi jer savremeno društvo oseća sažaljenje, ali ne pod uslovom da sebe žrtvuju ili izložze opasnosti.

 

Vinča - Mutation


Vinča - Mutation


Vinča - Mutation

 

Race concepts

Sub-types

Alpine - Arabid - Armenoid - Atlantid - Borreby - Brunn - Caspian - Dinaric - East Baltic - Ethiopid - Hamitic - Dravidian - Irano-Afghan - Japhetic - Malay - Mediterranean - Neo-Mongoloid - Neo-Danubian - Nordic - Northcaucasian - Ladogan - Lappish - Pamirid - Proto-Mongoloid - Semitic - Turanid

The Races of Europe is a popular work of physical anthropology by Carleton S. Coon. It was first published in 1939 by Macmillan.

In 1933, the Harvard anthropologist Carleton S. Coon was invited to write a new edition of William Z. Ripley's 1899 The Races of Europe, which Coon dedicated to Ripley.
Coon's entirely rewritten version of the book was published in 1939. At the time, he explicitly avoided the discussion of either blood groups or race and intelligence, the latter of which he claimed to know "next to nothing about" at the time.
The conclusions from the book entail the following:

  1. The Caucasoid race is of dual origin consisting of Upper Paleolithic (mixture of Homo sapiens and Neanderthals) types and Mediterranean (purely Homo sapiens) types.
  2. The Upper Paleolithic peoples are the truly indigenous peoples of Europe.
  3. Mediterraneans invaded Europe in large numbers during the Neolithic and settled there.
  4. The racial situation in Europe today may be explained as a mixture of Upper Paleolithic survivors and Mediterraneans.
  5. When reduced Upper Paleolithic survivors and Mediterraneans mix a process of "dinaricization" occurs which produces a hybrid with non-intermediate features, epitomized by the Dinaric race.
  6. The Caucasoid race extends well beyond Europe into the Middle East, Central Asia, South Asia, North Africa and the Horn of Africa.
  7. "The Nordic race in the strict sense is merely a pigment phase of the Mediterranean", created by the combination of Corded and Danubian elements.

In The Races of Europe, Coon classified Caucasoids into racial sub-groups named after regions or archaeological sites, expanding the tripartite system Mediterranean-Alpine-Nordic of Ripley (1899) by types such as Brünn, Borreby, Ladogan, East Baltic, Neo-Danubian, Lappish, Atlanto-Mediterranean, Iranid, Hallstatt, Keltic, Tronder, Dinaric, Noric and Armenoid.

Up until now, no concrete explanation for the existence of Dinaric people has been given. There are to main hypothesis, both of which are untrue.

The first is that Dinarics are created when a Mediterranean strain is mixed with a short-headed European like the Alpine race. Yet Mediterraneans and Alpines (among other short headed Europeans) lived side by side for thousands of years, and it was only until the later years of the bronze age that Dinaric types began to appear in Europe. This cannot be a valid explanation.

The second theory is that some vague and unexplainable evolutionary process occurs when Mediterranean types are exposed to a mountainous climate. The problem with this is that not everyone who lives in a mountain environment is Dinaric, and plenty of Dinarics live in totally flat environments.

 

First Dinarics - North Bulgaria


Cephalic indexes of skull shapes. Long skull (left),
cephalic index 71.4; tall skull (center),
cephalic index 81; broad skull (right) - cephalic index 85.

Females Males Scientific term Meaning
< 75 < 75.9 dolichocephalic 'long-headed'
75 to 83 76 to 81 mesaticephalic 'medium-headed'
> 83 > 81.1 brachycephalic 'short-headed'


World cephalic index map

 

Neolithic/Chalcolithic mutation

Caucasian race & Dinaric/Armenoid race

Lactose tolerance, Gluten-related disorders, fair skin, Hh negative blood, red hear, ugliness, aquiline nose, dinarization...


Appearance of the Population of the Trypilla Culture.

A Trypillian woman and man Mediterranean anthropological type from the Vykhvatyntsi tomb. The burial place 35 and 19.
Reconstruction of M. M. Gerasimov on found craniums. (From the book "The Eneolithicum of the USSR").


Trypillians: An elderly man of Caucasoid type and a girl of Mediterranean anthropological type.

Burials in the settlement of Nezvisko III and from the Vykhvatyntsi tomb 5 respectively. Graphic reconstruction by M.M. Gerasimov on found on found craniums. (From the book "The Eneolithicum of the USSR").

 

Dinaricisation - Chalcolithic mutation


Aquiline (roman) nose

Neolithic/Chalcolithic mutation = Original sin

 

Nahash - Enki

Nato će zmija ženi: "Ne, nećete umrijeti! Nego, zna Bog: onog dana kad budete s njega jeli, otvorit će vam se oči, i vi ćete biti kao bogovi koji razlučuju dobro i zlo."
  • Zmija - Nahash, onaj tko poznaje tajne (Enki)


Ninmah & Enki, fertility tree & DNA

The emblem of entwined serpents

In the biblical tale of Adam and Eve in the Garden of Eden, the antagonist of the God who had caused them to acquire "knowing" was the Serpent, Nahash in Hebrew.

The term has two other meanings: "he who knows secrets" and “he who knows copper." These other meanings or word plays are found in the Sumerian epithet BUZUR for Enki, which meant "he who solves secrets" and "he of the metal mines." In the original Sumerian version, the "Serpent" was Enki.


Tko je zmija iz edemskog vrta?

His emblem was entwined serpents; it was the symbol of his "cult center" Eridu,

What did the emblem of entwined serpents the symbol for medicine and healing to this very day represent?
The discovery by modern science of the double-helix structure of DNA (see Fig.) offers the answer: the Entwined Serpents emulated the structure of the genetic code, the secret knowledge of which enabled Enki to create The Adam and Eve.

 
Caduceus - Asclepius

The emblem of Enki as a sign of healing was invoked by Moses when he made a nahash nehosheth a “copper serpent” to halt an epidemic afflicting the Israelites. Was the involvement of copper in the triple meanings of the term and in the making of the copper serpent by Moses due to some unknown role of copper in genetics and healing? Recent experiments, conducted at the universities of Minnesota and St. Louis, suggest that it is indeed so.

They showed that radionucleide copper-62 is a "positron-emitter," valuable in imaging blood flow, and that other copper compounds can carry Pharmaceuticals to living cells, including brain cells.

 

Caucasian & Dinaric

At the time when Adam and Eve were in Eden there is evidence of other persons then existing. The serpent of Genesis 3 is an example. This word "serpent" comes from the Hebrew word "NACHASH" (Strong's O.T. #5172) and has reference to a spell or enchantment by an enchanter in a subtle manner (like a whisper). We often call someone who is sly, devious and crafty a "snake." Thus the name serpent (NACHASH) is more of a descriptive name, it describes the personal characteristics of this individual who "beguiled" Eve (Genesis 3:13). A snake itself is not considered to be a "cunning” or "crafty” creature, certainly not more "than any beast of the field," which would include foxes, leopards, apes, etc. Only a human being could be more cunning than all other creatures. Further, God told the "serpent" that He will put "enmity" between his seed and Eve's seed (Genesis 3:15). Are we to believe that the Adamic people would have reptilian snakes as age-long adversaries? That is not the case for the "serpent" was a human being and so are its descendants or "seed."

The word "serpent" is likewise used in the New Testament (2 Corinthians 11:3) in describing this same account in Genesis 3; and also by Christ in describing the scribes and Pharisees (Matthew 23:33). In each case the word "OPHIS" is translated "serpents" and means: "a snake figuratively, an artful malicious person.” Both the "serpent" in Eden and the Pharisees were cunning and malicious persons, not literal snakes.

Neprijateljstvo ja zamećem između tebe i žene, između roda tvojeg i roda njezina: on će ti glavu satirati, a ti ćeš mu vrebati petu."

 

Svjedočanstvo istine


Gnostic Christ

"... U Zakonu je o ovome zapisano da je Bog zapovjedio Adamu, "Od
svakog [stabla] slobodno jedi ploda, [no] od stabla koje je usred Raja ne
jedi, jer, onoga dana kada od njega budeš jeo, umrijet ćeš." No, zmija
bijaše mudrija 46 od svih životinja rajskih, i uvjeri Evu, rekavši, "Onoga
dana kada kušaš plod stabla koje je usred Raja, oči tvoga uma će se
otvoriti." I Eva je poslušala, i ispružila svoju ruku; ubrala je plod sa drveta
i jela; dala je i svome mužu koji bijaše s njome. I oni smjesta spoznaše
da su goli, i uzeše smokvina lišća i staviše ga oko pasa.
No, Bog s večeri dođe, i pojavi se usred Raja. Kada ga je Adam ugledao,
on se skrio. I Bog reče, "Adame, gdje si?" Ovaj odgovori, i reče,
"Pod stablom sam smokve." I tog trenutka Bog [spozna] da je ovaj
jeo sa stabla za koje mu je zapovjedio, "Ne jedi s njega." I on mu reče,
"Tko je taj 47 koji te poučio?" I Adam odgovori, "Žena koju si mi dao."
I žena reče, "Zmija je ta koja me poučila." I on prokle zmiju i nazva ju
"đavlom". I reče, "Evo, Adam posta nalik nama, poznajući dobro i zlo."
I reče tad, "Izbacimo ga iz Raja, kako ne bi uzeo ploda s drveta života,
i jeo, i živio zauvijek."
No, kakav je ovaj Bog? Najprije je pakosno zabranio Adamu da jede
sa drveta znanja, a potom je rekao, "Adame, gdje si?" Taj Bog
ne posjeduje predznanje; (jer), ne bi li u tom slučaju znao od početka?
[I] kasnije je on rekao, "Izbacimo ga odavde, kako ne bi jeo sa drveta života,
i živio zauvijek." Uistinu, pokazao je daje pakostan i kivan. I 48 kakav
je to Bog? Velika je sljepoća onih koji čitaju, a nisu ga spoznali. On je
rekao, "Ja sam ljubomoran Bog; sručit ću grijehe otaca na djecu sve do
trećeg (i) četvrtog naraštaja." I rekao je, "Učinit ću da im srca otvrdnu, i
umovi oslijepe, kako ne bi mogli spoznati ni shvatiti ono što je rečeno."
Ovo je on rekao onima koji u njega vjeruju [i] koji mu služe!
[Na jednome] mjestu Mojsije piše, "[On] učini đavla zmijom <za>
[one] koje ima u svome stvaranju." Isto tako, u knjizi koja se zove
"Knjiga Izlaska" zapisano je (usp. 7, 8-12): "Protiv [vračara] se borio,
kada sve bijaše puno [zmija] zbog njihove [opakosti; i štap se],
koji bijaše u ruci Mojsijevoj, pretvori u zmiju, (i) ona proguta zmije vračarske."
Isto tako, zapisano je (Br 21,9), "On napravi zmiju od bronce (i)
postavi je na stup 49 [...] koja [...] jer [onoga koji će pogledati] u [ovu zmiju]
od bronce, nitko [neće uništiti], a onaj koji će [vjerovati u] ovu
brončanu zmiju [bit će spašen]."
Ovo je Krist; [oni koji] su u njega povjerovali, [primili su život]. Oni
koji nisu povjerovali [umrijet će]. ..."

The Church Father Origen accused a gnostic sect of venerating the biblical serpent of the Garden of Eden. Therefore, he calls them Ophites, naming after the serpent they are supposed to worship.

The Ophites or Ophians (Greek Ὀφιανοί Ophianoi, from ὄφις ophis "snake") were members of a Christian Gnostic sect.

 

Tko je lažac od početka?

Tada Isus progovori Židovima… Vama je otac đavao i hoće vam se vršiti prohtjeve oca svoga. On bijaše čovjekoubojica od početka i ne stajaše u istini jer nema istine u njemu: kad govori laž, od svojega govori jer je lažac i otac laži. - Evanđelje po Ivanu

Jahve, Bog, zapovjedi čovjeku: "Sa svakoga stabla u vrtu slobodno jedi, (17) ali sa stabla spoznaje dobra i zla da nisi jeo! U onaj dan u koji s njega okusiš, zacijelo ćeš umrijeti!" (Jahve, Bog laže)

#3Zmija bijaše lukavija od sve zvjeradi što je stvori Jahve, Bog. Ona reče ženi: "Zar vam je Bog rekao da ne smijete jesti ni s jednog drveta u vrtu?" (2) Žena odgovori zmiji: "Plodove sa stabala u vrtu smijemo jesti. (3) Samo za plod stabla što je nasred vrta rekao je Bog: 'Da ga niste jeli! I ne dirajte u nj, da ne umrete!'" (4) Nato će zmija ženi: "Ne, nećete umrijeti! (5) Nego, zna Bog: onog dana kad budete s njega jeli, otvorit će vam se oči, i vi ćete biti kao bogovi koji razlučuju dobro i zlo." (Zmija govori istinu)

Zatim reče Bog: "Evo, čovjek postade kao jedan od nas - znajući dobro i zlo! Da ne bi sada pružio ruku, ubrao sa stabla života pa pojeo i živio navijeke!" (Bog potvrđuje da Zmija govori istinu)

Kad je Adamu bilo sto i trideset godina, rodi mu se sin njemu sličan, na njegovu sliku; nadjenu mu ime Šet. (4) Po rođenju Šetovu Adam je živio osam stotina godina te mu se rodilo još sinova i kćeri. (5) Adam poživje u svemu devet stotina i trideset godina. Potom umrije. (Biblija potvrđuje da Bog laže) - Knjiga Postanka

 

Tko je zmija i njegov rod?


Tribe of Dan

  • Nato Jahve, Bog, reče zmiji:.. Neprijateljstvo ja zamećem između tebe i žene, između roda tvojeg i roda njezina: on će ti glavu satirati, a ti ćeš mu vrebati petu."
  • Nek' Dan zmija bude na putu, guja pokraj staze što će konja za zglob ujesti, i njegov konjik nauznak će pasti.

 

Tko su demoni u Rigvedi?

Ashur-Dan

Vritra

In the early Vedic religion, Vritra (Sanskrit: वृत्र, vṛtra, lit. 'enveloper') is a serpent or dragon, the personification of drought and adversary of Indra. In Hinduism, Vritra is identified as an Asura. Vritra was also known in the Vedas as Ahi (Sanskrit: अहि ahi, lit. 'snake'). He appears as a dragon blocking the course of the rivers and is heroically slain by Indra. - Vritra

Danu

Dānu, a Hindu primordial goddess, is mentioned in the Rigveda, mother of the Danavas. The word Danu described the primeval waters which this deity perhaps embodied. In the Rigveda (I.32.9), she is identified as the mother of Vritra, the demonic serpent slain by Indra. In later Hinduism, she becomes the daughter of Daksha and the consort of Kasyapa.

As a word for "rain" or "liquid", dānu is compared to Avestan dānu "river", and further to river names like Don, Danube, Dneiper, Dniestr, etc. There is also a Danu river in Nepal. The "liquid" word is mostly neutral, but appears as feminine in RV 1.54. - Danu

Danava

In Vedic mythology, the Danavas (Balinese Hinduism Dewi Danu) were a race descending from Daksha.

The Danavas were the sons of Danu, who in turn was a daughter of Daksha. Danu is connected with the waters of heavens and she is probably associated with the formless, primordial waters that existed prior to the creation. The name is connected with the PIE root *danu, "river" or "any flowing liquid" and is associated with the Danu (Asura). Under the leadership of Bali and others, the Danavas revolted against the Devatas (Devas). Despite initial successes, the Danava were defeated by the god Vamana who in dwarf form deceived their leader Bali. The Danavas were not universally considered to be evil, individual Danava could be classified as good or bad. - Danavas

Vala

Vala (valá-) is a demon of the Rigveda and the Atharvaveda, the brother of Vrtra.

Historically, it has the same origin as the Vrtra story, being derived from the same root, and from the same root also as Varuna, *val-/var- (PIE *wel-) "to cover, to enclose" (perhaps cognate to veil).

Parallel to Vrtra "the blocker", a stone serpent slain by Indra to liberate the rivers, Vala is a stone cave, split by Indra (intoxicated and strengthened by Soma, identified with Brhaspati in 4.50 and 10.68 or Trita in 1.52, aided by the Angirasas in 2.11), to liberate the cows and Ushas, hidden there by the Panis. - Vala

 

Veles - Vlasi


Veles

   
Shiva Paśupati

 

Dracula from Tran-Sylvania

Valachie (Land of Havilah)


This portrait of Vlad III, - Racial propaganda

Dracula is an 1897 Gothic horror novel by Irish author Bram Stoker. It introduced Count Dracula, and established many conventions of subsequent vampire fantasy. The novel tells the story of Dracula's attempt to move from Transylvania to England so that he may find new blood and spread the undead curse, and of the battle between Dracula and a small group of men and a woman led by Professor Abraham Van Helsing.

Sedam Vlašića

Pleiades are called Vlašići or Sedam Vlašića (Sedam = seven), the name is identical to "Little Vlachs" ("Seven little Vlachs")

  • Vlachs = Dalmatae, Illyrian tribe

 

Silvan - Veles


Silvan - vrhovno božanstvo Ilira

Silvan je smatran vrhovnim ilirskim božanstvom, a naročito je bio štovan kod plemena Dalmata koje je naseljavalo prostor zapadne Bosne. Na latinskom naziv Silvan znači šuma, pa odatle se i smatrao božanstvom šuma, pastira i stada. Lik Silvana je najčešće prikazivan sa nekim od njegovih atributa, kao što su svirala (siringa) i pastirski štap (pedum). U njegovoj pratnji su obično bili koza ili pas. Slaveljen je na proljeće, a naročito krajem aprila i početkom maja kada se obilježavalo žrtvovanje u njegovu čast koje se sastojalo od mesa, vina, žitarica, grožđa i mlijeka. Smatralo se da njegovo obožavanje pospješuje zdravlje stoke i dobar poljoprivredni urod. Obično je prikazan kao lice koje je pola čovjek a pola jarac. Iz kulta o bogu Silvanu nastala je i legenda o vukodlaku.

  • Riječ God dolazi od goat. (guþ, gudis in Gothic, guð in Old Norse, god in Frisian and Dutch, and Gott in modern German)

Vidasus je ilirski bog zaštitnik domaćih životinja, šuma i pašnjaka te izvora, a zajedno sa boginjom Tanom božanstvo plodnosti. Štovao se pod različitim imenima, negdje kao Vidasus, drugdje kao Magla (enus?), ili pak Cor.., Messor i slično.  Ovo ime Cor neobično podsjeća na keltskog boga Cernunnosa koji je imao identičan opis. Isto tako, pretpostavlja se da je sa ovim ilirskim božanstvom u vezi i poznato ime Grabovius (otkud potječe i naša ilirska riječ grab), koje se javlja na takozvanim iguvinskim pločama iz Umbrije u Italiji.

Smatra se da je Silvan, bio vrhovni ilirski bog u predrimsko doba, a tu funkciju je zadržao i nakon toga. Rimljani su ga prihvatili i izjednačili sa grčkim Panom zaštitnikom šuma, stada i prirode i pratiocem u lovu. Likovne predstave ilirskog Silvana prikazuju ga kao biće koje je pola jarac a pola čovjek.

 
Silvan is the god of forests and nature

Silvan & Diana (Dalmatan) = Vidasus & Thana (illyrian/celtic)
Silvan = Cernunnos, keltski bog druida, prirode, rogatih životinja i šamanizma, a simbol mu je ovnolika zmija.
Silvan = Veles, slavic god of cattle and underworld. (SLV = VLS)
Silvan = Enki Symbols: Serpent, Goat, Fish, Goat-fish chimera
Silvan
= Sivan, Shiva Paśupati (lord of cattle)

 
Silvan = Sivan, Shiva Paśupati (lord of cattle) - Dracon & Dracaena (Shiva-Shakti)

  • He resides over sacred body of water (which links to other world’s)
  • He is the embodiment of summer, health, fertility and abundance
  • He is a trickster god, gifted with wit, intelligence, and divine magic
  • He is often depicted with a large phallus, a symbol of his virility
  • He plays a flute, and can be heard playing it in the wilderness
  • He creates humans from clay or dust, mixed with god’s blood
  • He is often pictured sitting, adopting a contemplative persona
  • Other times he is depicted dancing and frolicking to his music
  • He is often depicted with a snake, which represents renewal
  • He wears a horned crown, typically from a ram, bull or stag
  • He represents the cycle of nature; birth, life and death
  • He wears beast skins and lives in the wilderness
  • He is a shepard to all beasts, including humans

 
Silvan

 

Dinarids get a bad wrap for being the evil people in Disney movies!

But are Dinarids really that bad?


Disney racial propaganda

 

Snow White

Snow White lived in Eden before encountering an evil witch with a tempting apple

The fairy tale features such elements as the magic mirror, the poisoned apple, the glass coffin, and the characters of the evil queen and the Seven Dwarfs.

At the beginning of the story, a queen sits sewing at an open window during a winter snowfall when she pricks her finger with her needle, causing three drops of red blood to drip onto the freshly fallen white snow on the black windowsill. Then, she says to herself, "How I wish that I had a daughter that had skin as white as snow, lips as red as blood, and hair as black as ebony."

Snjeguljica i sedam patuljaka

Jednom davno, živjela je lijepa princeza čiji su obrazi bilo crveni kao ruža, a koža bijela kao snijeg. Radi toga zvali su je Snjeguljica. Snjeguljicu su svi voljeli, osim maćehe koja je bila opaka vještica.

Svakog dana kraljica bi se ogledala u svom čarobnom ogledalcu i upitala ga:

- Kaži mi, kaži ogledalce moje, najljepša na svijetu danas tko je? A ogledalce bi uvjek odgovaralo:

- Ti kraljice.

No jednoga dana, ogledalce joj odgovori sasvim drukčije:

- Bijela kao snijeg, svijetla lica, crne kose, crvenih usnica, najljepša je sada Sneguljica.

Uvrijeđena kraljica pozove kraljevskog lovca i naredi mu da odvede Snjeguljicu u šumu i ubije je. No lovac je bio dobar čovjek, pa odvede Snjeguljicu u šumu i tu je ostavi ne učinivši joj ništa nažao.

Snjeguljica je dugo lutala šumom, i tako lutajući stiže do jedne čudne kućice. Zakucala je na vrata i ušla. Ali u kućici nije bilo nikoga. Tek navečer vratili su se s posla sedmorica braće, sedam patuljaka koji su živjeli u toj kućici, a preko dana radili u rudniku srebra i zlata. Kada su ugledali usnulu djevojčicu na jednom od svojih krevetića, patuljci se jako začudiše. Snjeguljica im je kasnije ispričala o svojoj zloj sudbini i o tome kako se više ne smije vratiti u dvorac.

– Ostani sa nama – rekoše joj patuljci.

– Kuhat ćeš nam i spremati kuću, a mi ćemo te voljeti kao braća.


Basal Eurasians & Caucasian Eve

Snjeguljica se mnogo obradova, zahvali se patuljcima i ostade kod njih. Tako su živjeli zajedno, sretni i zadovoljni, a i zla kraljica je u svom dvorcu bila također sretna, jer je mislila da je Snjeguljica mrtva i da je ona opet najljepša žena na svijetu.

Jednoga dana ponovo zapita ogledalo:

– Kaži mi, kaži ogledalce moje, najljepša na svijetu danas žena tko je? Ogledalo joj tada odgovori:

– Bijela kao snijeg, svijetla lica, crne kose, crvenih usnica, najljepša je ipak Snjeguljica. Istoga časa kraljica vidje u ogledalu sliku kolibice i u njoj sretnu Snjeguljicu i sedam patuljaka.

Kraljica je bila bijesna:

– Ovaj mi put Snjeguljica neće umaći! Ja ću je ubiti svojom rukom. Sutradan, kraljica nabere lijepe, crvene jabuke i ubrizga u njih otrov. Zatim, prerušena u dobroćudnu staricu, pođe u šumu. Kad je kraljica stigla do kolibice, zateče Snjeguljicu kako pjevuši.


Dinarids

– Dobar dan, ljepotice – reče zla maćeha.

– Imam divnih jabuka i jednu ću podjeliti s tobom, ako mi dozvoliš da se odmorim pred tvojim vratima.

– Svakako, bakice – reče Snjeguljica i uze od starice jednu polovinu jabuke. Ali čim je zagrizla otrovnu jabuku, Snjeguljica pade na pod, baš kao mrtva.


Eva & Dinarids

– A sada, tko je najljepši na svijetu? – smijući se zlobno reče kraljica i nestade u gustoj šumi. Navečer, kad su se patuljci vratili s posla, nađoše Snjeguljicu kako leži na podu mirna, blijeda i hladna. Zvali su je i zvali, ali se nesretna djevojka nije odazivala.

– Umrla je – tužno zaključiše patuljci.

I kako takvu ljepotu nisu mogli da zakopaju u hladnu zemlju, patuljci je staviše u stakleni kovčeg i odnesoše u polje, među cvijeće, nadajući se da će jednoga dana njihova Sneguljica oživjeti.

Zima je došla i prošla, i kada je ponovo granulo proljeće, ono je sa sobom donijelo divnog princa iz susjednog kraljevstva. Ugledavši Snjeguljicu, princ se zadivi njenoj ljepoti i upita patuljke tko je usnula djevojka.

– To je princeza Snjeguljica – rekoše mu patuljci – ali ona je mrtva.

– Ona nije mrtva, već samo spava dubokim snom – reče princ, pažljivo otvori kovčeg i uze Snjeguljicu u naručje.

U tom trenutku parče otrovne jabuke ispadne iz njenih usta. Snjeguljica se probudila.

– Preljepa Snjeguljice – reče princ – postani kraljicom moga kraljevstva. Hoćeš li?

– Hoću – odgovori mu Snjeguljica.


Caucasian race, Adam & Eve

Snjeguljica i princ uzjahaše bijelog konja i odjahaše u dvorac gdje su se uskoro vjenčali. Na vjenčanju su bili naravno pozvani i njihovi prijatelji patuljci. Zla maćeha je nestala i o njoj više nikada nitko nije ništa čuo. A princ i Snjeguljica još su dugo, dugo godina živjeli sretni i zaljubljeni.

 

Štrumpfovi, Štrumfeta i Gargamel

 
Basal Eurasians, Eve (Caucasian) & Dinarids

Štrumpfovi imaju plavu kožu  i bijele kapice. Glavni među njima je Veliki Štrumpf i za razliku od ostalih, obučen je u crveno i nosi bijelu bradu.

Kapice koje Štrumfovi nose na glavi zapravo su Frigijske kape koje davno nosili narodi antičke Azije, a proširila se do Grčke i Rimskog Carstva. Smatra se simbolom slobode jer su je često nosili oslobođeni robovi.

Štrumpfovi imaju preko 100 godina. U selu Štrumpfova ne postoji novac: svako radi onoliko koliko može i ono što najbolje zna; svako uzima onoliko koliko mu je potrebno. Svi su složni, vole da se igraju i svima pomažu. Zato se Štrumpfovi plaše ljudi, jer znaju da je njima najvažnije da imaju što više novca, da kradu jedni od drugih, da se svađaju...

Štrumpfovi imaju i svoj jezik. Neke riječi i glagoli zamenjene su sa reči „Štrumpf“. Tako moramo malo da Štrumpfnemo, uberemo štrumfgode, odštrumpfujemo kući…

Najveći neprijatelj Štrumpfova je Gargamel. U formuli kako da napravi zlato pisalo je da treba dodati jednog Štrumpfa. Jedino je objašnjenjo da je Štrumpf vrsta Kobolda. Koboldi su demonski patuljci iz njemačke mitologije.

Mada Štrumpfovi znaju da hodaju i trče, često se kreću štrumpfujući na obje noge. Ugravnom se hrane bobicama koje pronalaze u šumi, a jako vole i slatkiše - posebno torte.

Štrumfeta je originalno imala crnu kosu dok je Papa Štrumf nije pretvorio u plavušu.


Papa Štrumf obučen u crveno + magija = plavuša

Štrumpfeta je u početku bila jedina ženska pripadnica malih plavih patuljaka koju je stvorio zli čarobnjak Gargamel da bi pomutio razum Štrumpfovima i za srce joj je stavio najtvrđi kamen, a kosu joj obojio u crno. No Štrumpfovi su joj se kada su otkrili ko je ipak smilovali i uz pomoć magije Velikog Štrumpfa uspijeli joj dati meko srce i osjećaje. Kosa joj je potom postala plave boje.

 

Kobold - Štrumf


Kobold

The kobold is a sprite stemming from Germanic mythology Legends tell of three major types of kobolds. Most commonly, the creatures are house spirits of ambivalent nature; while they sometimes perform domestic chores, they play malicious tricks if insulted or neglected. Another type of kobold haunts underground places, such as mines. A third kind of kobold lives aboard ships and helps sailors.


Kobold - Japodes

Japodes

The original religion of Iapydes is scarcely known, and it appears to be similar with other eastward Illyrians. They knew the divine pair of water-deities Vidassus (Silvan) and Thana (Diana), whose rocky reliefs persist today at some springs in their area. They worshiped the holy horse as their tribal totem, and also the holy snakes as the symbol of their ancestors. Their early tombs were usually in caves, and then in Roman times often in woody sarcophagi and also incinerated in ceramic urns.


Avalon - Avala


Avalon (Arthurian legend) An island, represented as an earthly paradise, to which King Arthur and other heroes were carried at death.

Avalon (/ˈævəˌlɒn/; Latin: Insula Avallonis, Welsh: Ynys Afallon, Ynys Afallach; literally meaning "the isle of fruit [or apple] trees"), sometimes written Avallon or Avilion, is a legendary island featured in the Arthurian legend. It first appears in Geoffrey of Monmouth's 1136 pseudo-historical account Historia Regum Britanniae ("The History of the Kings of Britain") as the place where King Arthur's sword Excalibur was forged and later where Arthur was taken to recover from his wounds after the Battle of Camlann.

Etymology

Geoffrey of Monmouth referred to it in Latin as Insula Avallonis in Historia Regum Britanniae (c. 1136). In the later Vita Merlini (c. 1150) he called it Insula Pomorum the "isle of fruit trees" (from Latin pōmus "fruit tree"). The name is generally considered to be of Welsh origin (though an Old Cornish or Old Breton origin is also possible), derived from Old Welsh, Old Cornish, or Old Breton aball or avallen(n), "apple tree, fruit tree" (cf. afal in Modern Welsh, derived from Common Celtic *abalnā, literally "fruit-bearing (thing)"). It is also possible that the tradition of an "apple" island among the British was related to Irish legends concerning the otherworld island home of Manannán mac Lir and Lugh, Emain Ablach (also the Old Irish poetic name for the Isle of Man), where Ablach means "Having Apple Trees"—derived from Old Irish aball ("apple")—and is similar to the Middle Welsh name Afallach, which was used to replace the name Avalon in medieval Welsh translations of French and Latin Arthurian tales. All are etymologically related to the Gaulish root *aballo "fruit tree"—(as found in the place name Aballo/Aballone) and are derived from a Common Celtic *abal- "apple", which is related at the Proto-Indo-European level to English apple, Russian яблоко (jabloko), Latvian ābele, et al.

  • Avalon = Avala (Havilah)

 

King Arthur


King Arthur - Messapian origin

The origin of the Welsh name "Arthur" remains a matter of debate. The most widely accepted etymology derives it from the Roman nomen gentile (family name) Artorius. Artorius itself is of obscure and contested etymology, but possibly of Messapian or Etruscan origin.

Artoria gens

At least two distinct linguistic origins have been proposed for the nomen Artorius. Schulze, Herbig, and Salomies propose that the name is derived from the Etruscan praenomen Arnthur, perhaps Latinized as Artor. Other scholars have proposed a Messapic origin, identifying a nomen Artorres, from an earlier Artas, with a Messapic possessive suffix -or, of uncertain meaning. Some scholars have suggested that Artorius might be the origin of the Welsh name Arthur.
  • Arth-ur = Earth (Adam); Adam je iz zemlje uzet.. (Arth = rt = zemlja)
  • Arthur - Messapian (Japodes) origin

 

Excalibur


As Malory writes: "Whoso pulleth out this sword of this stone and anvil, is rightwise king born."

Tko izvuče metal iz kamena (metalurgija) - Vinča, Avala

Excalibur (/ɛkˈskælɪbər/) is the legendary sword of King Arthur, sometimes also attributed with magical powers or associated with the rightful sovereignty of Britain. Excalibur and the Sword in the Stone (the proof of Arthur's lineage) are sometimes said to be the same weapon, but in most versions they are considered separate. Excalibur was associated with the Arthurian legend very early on. The name Excalibur ultimately derives from the Welsh Caledfwlch (and Breton Kaledvoulc'h, Middle Cornish Calesvol).

  • Balkan = Vulcan; B=V, K=C, Korijenski min. VLK=KLV; Excalibur, Caledfwlch, Kaledvoulc'h, Calesvol..

 

Stari Grad Žrnov

 

 

 
Miniranje Starog Grada Žrnov

The Avala had deposits of ores, most notably lead and mercury's ore of cinnabarite but mining activities which can be traced to the pre-Antiquity times. Archeologist Miloje Vasić believed that the vast mines of cinnabarite (mercury-sulfide) on Avala were crucial for the development of the Vinča culture, on the banks of the Danube circa 5700 BC. Settlers of Vinča apparently melted cinnabarite and used it in metallurgy.

   

 

Avala - Stari Grad Žrnov

Avala - Avalon

Kralj Aleksandar i Meštrović su znali zašto razaraju Žrnov!

 

Spomenik Neznanom junaku

Spomenik Neznanom junaku i Hotel Avala, izgrađeni su u periodu Kraljevine SHS/Jugoslavije. Oba arhitektonska djela imaju vrlo zanimljiv konstrukcijsko-filozofski koncept, koji je poznat samo malom broju stručnjaka.

Zajedničko za oba ostvarenja je to što su izgrađena na inicijativu kralja Aleksandra Karađorđevića i da su njihovi autori pažljivo odabrani umetnici/arhitekti, koji su već uveliko radili u glavnom gradu Kraljevine SHS.

Prvo, na zahtjev kralja 1928. (prema nekim istraživanjima 1931.), hotel Avala sagrađen je za potrebe Ministarstva ruda, šumarstva i vodoprivrede, gdje se kao autor potpisuje ruski arhitekt Viktor Lukomski. Njegova najznačajnija referenca prije hotela, bila je projektiranje kompleksa Kraljevskog dvora na Dedinju (koautor arhitekta Živojin Nikolić) u periodu od 1924. i 1929. godine, dok je nakon hotela 1935. dizajnirao zgradu Patrijaršije, koja se nalazi preko puta Saborne crkve. Zajedničko svim tim projektima je da su izvedeni u arhitekturi kojom dominira prisutnost srpske srednjovjekovnog graditeljstva, takozvanog (neo)srpsko-bizantijski stil, što se može vidjeti u korištenju rustikalnih kamenih kvadrata, srednjovjekovnih lukova i portala, prozorskih otvora i karakterističnoj dekoraciji. Autor dekoracija na svim objektima bio je još jedan ruski kipar Vladimir Zagorodniuk.

Kao što se na prvi pogled primijećeje, hotel Avala ima i oblik srednjovjekovne tvrđave, s grubo obrađenim kamenim kvadratima, obrađenim kaskadnim stubištem i prostranim trijemom hotela. Oblik zgrade je moderan, u obliku pročišćenih kockica, ali sa obaveznim srednjovjekovnim arkadama koje tvore svod trema.

Najviše pažnje posmatrača privlače dvije monumentalne statue sfinge, postavljene na bokovima prilaznog stepeništa, koje su djelo kipara Zagorodnjuka. Nešto diskretnije obrađen je i glavni ulaz u hotel sa suprotne strane, koji takođe poseduje trem. Kapiteli stubova trema ukrašeni su betonskim reljefima koji prikazuju mitska stvorenja, pola životinje-čovjeka, poput Satira, Centaura, Sirene i Sfinge. Kako je hotelska zgrada izgrađena u prirodi (poludivljem prostoru), ovim je naglašeno prisustvo čovjeka u tom okruženju, jer sva ta mitska stvorenja simboliziraju borbu njihove razumne ljudske prirode s divljom, strastvenom prirodom životinja. Sfinga je posebno naglašena jer su u njoj ovaploćene karakteristike čoveka i tri svete životinje – bika, lava i orla i kao takva prestavlja čuvara mitskog, iracionalnog, svijeta tajnog znanja, koji je dostupan samo odabranima.

     

Spomenik nepoznatom junaku sagrađen je gotovo desetljeće kasnije, a potpisuje ga kipar Ivan Meštrović. Da bi se ostvario, prvo je bilo potrebno pripremiti teren za izgradnju i to na samom vrhu Avale. Koliko je ovaj projekt bio važan za kralja Aleksandra govori činjenica da je, radi izgradnje spomenika, izdao naredbu za potpuno rušenje srednjovjekovne utvrde Zrnov. Između 1934. i 1938. vojska je polako uklanjala kamenje i raščišćavala teren. Posljednje godine tekli su radovi na izgradnji samog spomenika i smeštanju kostiju poginulog bezimenog srpskog vojnika. Takvi su spomenici bili uobičajeni u Europi nakon Prvog svjetskog rata, slaveći nacionalnu pobjedu nad neprijateljem, koja je memorizirana kao spomenik bezimenom vojniku.

Kralj Aleksandar je, naravno, želio puno više od pamćenja djela nepoznatog srpskog junaka. Kroz spomenik je želio prenijeti ideju Jugoslavije koja se sa poteškoćama stvarala u novonastaloj državi. Nažalost, bio je živ samo da bi položio kamen temeljac, a ne i da vidi završeno djelo jer je iste godine poginuo u Marseilleu tjekom atentata koji je izvršen na njega.

Ideja je preživela svog poručioca. Spomenik je realiziran četiri godine kasnije i odražavao je čitav koncept ideje  jedinstva u različitosti, koju su propagirali zagovornici ujedinjavanja južnoslavenskih naroda u jednu državnu tvorevinu. Spomenik je dobio formu, koja se odnosi na izgled drevne grobnice perzijskog cara Kira Velikog.

Pored jednostavnosti konstrukcije, jedini ukras su osam karijatida, koji su glavni nositelji koncepta jugoslavenstva. Riječ je o kipovima Šumadinke, Crnogorke, Hrvatice, Slovenke, Makedonke, Banaćanke, Bosanke i Dalmatinke, kako su prikazane u svojim nošnjama i imenovane od strane samog autora. Na pročelju spomenika je natpis - Aleksandar I kralj Jugoslavije neznanom junaku. Kipar Meštrović je jedinstvenim konceptom sublimirao čitavu ideju Jugoslovenstva koju je od njega poručio kralj Aleksandar.

Zanimljivo je da je francuskoj školi pripadala i čitava garnitura ljudi iz nekadašnjeg establišmenta okupljenog oko Dinastije Karađorđević. Upravo su oni kreirali spomenike širom Beograda i Jugoslavije, pa je tako nastao Pobednik, Spomenik neznanom junaku na Avali i pregršt drugih spomenika i zdanja. Zanimljivost je i da je kipar Ivan Meštrović, koji je tajne zidara Solomonovog hrama i sam znao, sagradio Njegošev mauzolej, kao i dva pomenuta spomenika.

   

 

Ages of Man

The first extant account of the successive ages of humanity comes from the Greek poet Hesiod (between 750 and 650 BC), in his poem Works and Days (lines 109–201). His list is:

  • Golden Age – The Golden Age is the only age that falls within the rule of Cronus. Created by the immortals who live on Olympus, these humans were said to live among the gods, and freely mingled with them. Peace and harmony prevailed during this age. Humans did not have to work to feed themselves, for the earth provided food in abundance. They lived to a very old age but with a youthful appearance and eventually died peacefully. Their spirits live on as "guardians". Plato in Cratylus (397e) recounts the golden race of men who came first. He clarifies that Hesiod did not mean men literally made of gold, but good and noble. He describes these men as daemons upon the earth. Since δαίμονες (daimones) is derived from δαήμονες (daēmones, meaning knowing or wise), they are beneficent, preventing ills, and guardians of mortals.
  • Silver Age – The Silver Age and every age that follows fall within the rule of Cronus's successor and son, Zeus. Men in the Silver age lived for one hundred years under the dominion of their mothers. They lived only a short time as grown adults, and spent that time in strife with one another. During this Age men refused to worship the gods and Zeus destroyed them for their impiety. After death, humans of this age became "blessed spirits" of the underworld.
  • Bronze Age – Men of the Bronze Age were hardened and tough, as war was their purpose and passion. Zeus created these humans out of the ash tree. Their armor was forged of bronze, as were their homes, and tools. The men of this Age were undone by their own violent ways and left no named spirits; instead, they dwell in the "dank house of Hades". This Age came to an end with the flood of Deucalion.
  • Heroic Age – The Heroic Age is the one age that does not correspond with any metal. It is also the only age that improves upon the age it follows. It was the heroes of this Age who fought at Thebes and Troy. This race of humans died and went to Elysium.
  • Iron Age – Hesiod finds himself in the Iron Age. During this age humans live an existence of toil and misery. Children dishonor their parents, brother fights with brother and the social contract between guest and host (xenia) is forgotten. During this age might makes right, and bad men use lies to be thought good. At the height of this age, humans no longer feel shame or indignation at wrongdoing; babies will be born with gray hair and the gods will have completely forsaken humanity: "there will be no help against evil."

Goldene & Silver Age = Neolithic & Chalcolithic

 

Istočni grijeh

Neolithic/Chalcolithic mutation = Original sin

Istočni grijeh (latinski peccatum originale originatum) je grijeh u kojem se, rađaju ljudi koji potječu od Adama i participiraju u njegovu grijehu. Taj grijeh, Adamov, zove se istočni ili iskonski grijeh, jer iz njega istječu svi ostali grijesi. u teologiji se još naziva i "peccatum originale originans". Krist donosi oslobođenje od tog grijeha (istočnog) za sve ljude koji potječu od Adama.

  • Neolithic/Chalcolithic mutation = Original sin

Početkom 19. stoljeća Higgins je primijetio:

Moguće je da je najopasnija doktrina u povijesti ona Istočnog grijeha... Uzrokom je svih ljudskih žrtava u drevnim vremenima i pretvorila je Židove u naciju Kanibala, kao što je to lord Kingsborough ... dokazao.

John the Baptist

An account of John the Baptist is found in all extant manuscripts of the Antiquities of the Jews (book 18, chapter 5, 2) by Flavius Josephus (37–100):

Now some of the Jews thought that the destruction of Herod's [Antipas’s] army came from God, and that very justly, as a punishment of what he did against John, that was called the Baptist: for Herod slew him, who was a good man, and commanded the Jews to exercise virtue, both as to righteousness towards one another, and piety towards God, and so to come to baptism; for that the washing [with water] would be acceptable to him, if they made use of it, not in order to the putting away [or the remission] of some sins [only], but for the purification of the body; supposing still that the soul was thoroughly purified beforehand by righteousness. Now when [many] others came in crowds about him, for they were very greatly moved [or pleased] by hearing his words, Herod, who feared lest the great influence John had over the people might put it into his power and inclination to raise a rebellion, (for they seemed ready to do any thing he should advise,) thought it best, by putting him to death, to prevent any mischief he might cause, and not bring himself into difficulties, by sparing a man who might make him repent of it when it would be too late. Accordingly he was sent a prisoner, out of Herod's suspicious temper, to Macherus, the castle I before mentioned, and was there put to death. Now the Jews had an opinion that the destruction of this army was sent as a punishment upon Herod, and a mark of God's displeasure to him.

According to this passage, the execution of John was blamed for the defeat Herod suffered. Some have claimed that this passage indicates that John died near the time of the destruction of Herod's army in 36 AD.

Divergences between the passage's presentation and the biblical accounts of John include baptism for those whose souls have already been "purified beforehand by righteousness" is for purification of the body, not general repentance of sin.

 

Adam istjeran iz vrta edenskog c. 4500 BC


Migration of Neolithic population during the second half of V millennium BC

Indo-European (Maykop) branches of G2a2

G2a-L140 and its subclades are also found in the Caucasus, Central Asia and throughout India, especially among the upper castes, who represent the descendants of the Bronze Age Indo-European invaders. The combined presence of G2a-L140 across Europe and India is a very strong argument in favour of an Indo-European dispersal.

G2a-L140 came from Anatolia to eastern and Central Europe during the Neolithic (a fact proven by ancient DNA test). Once in Southeast Europe men belonging to the U1 branch founded the Cucuteni-Trypillian culture (with men of other haplogroups, notably I2a1b-L621) around modern Moldova. The Cucuteni-Trypillian people traded actively with the neighbouring with the Steppe cultures, and from 3500 BCE, at the onset of the Yamna period in the Pontic-Caspian Steppe, the Cucuteni-Trypillian people started expanding east into the steppe of what is now western Ukraine, leaving their towns (the largest in the world at the time), and adopting an increasingly nomadic lifestyle like their Yamna neighbours. By the time the Proto-Indo-Europeans started their massive expansion, G2a-U1 men belonging to the L13 and L1264 subclades would have joined R1b and R1a tribes in the invasion of Europe, then of Central and South Asia.

 

Plameni mač koji se svjetluca


Excalibur

Zato ga Jahve, Bog, istjera iz vrta edenskoga da obrađuje zemlju iz koje je i uzet. (24) Istjera, dakle, čovjeka i nastani ga istočno od vrta edenskog,, pa postavi kerubine i plameni mač koji se svjetlucao - da straže nad stazom koja vodi k stablu života.

Kajin i Abel


Kajin i Abel

 
Kajin, Bug-Dniester & Dnieper-Donets culture - Abel, Linear Pottery culture

  • Kajin = Crveni
  • Abel = Bijeli
Abel (bijeli) postane stočar, a Kajin (crveni) zemljoradnik.

Kajin skoči na brata Abelate ga ubi. (9) Potom Jahve zapita Kajina: "Gdje ti je brat Abel?" "Ne znam", odgovori. "Zar sam ja čuvar brata svoga?" (10) Jahve nastavi: "Što si učinio? Slušaj! Krv brata tvoga iz zemlje k meni viče.

 

Human sacrifice & Ritual cannibalism

6,000 Year Old Death Pit Points to One Hell of a Brawl

Scattered hand bones, severed arms, cracked skulls: if one thing is clear from this Neolithic burial pit, it’s that some some serious shit went down 6,000 years ago.

Circular burial pits like the one shown above were common during the Neolithic period in Central and Western Europe some 6,500 to 5,500 years ago. But rarely do graves from this time hint at so much brutality. This one, a 6.5 foot (2 metre) deep circular pit excavated in Bergheim, France, includes several complete human skeletons (coloured differently in the upper right) strewn atop a pile of left arms and hand fragments that appear to have been hacked off their former owners by axes.

The archaeologists behind the discovery suspect that the two men, one woman and four children buried at the top of the pit were killed during some sort of violent raid. The origin of the severed limbs below remains unknown.

"For a long time, Neolithic societies were considered relatively egalitarian and peaceful," archaeologist and lead study author Fanny Chenal of INRAP told Gizmodo in an email. "But since several years a lot of research has shown that it was not the case."

That research now includes an epic pile of carnage, which promises to stoke a longstanding debate over the use of circular burial pits. Some researchers suspect these pits are the remnants of storage silos that people stuffed full of bodies deemed unfit for proper burials. Others say the pits were dug for wealthy individuals, whose servants and slaves would have been murdered and tossed in the grave along with.

Now, it seems the pits could have played a third role in Neolithic society: vaults for trophy limbs chopped off people who were killed or mutilated during raids.

"Bergheim is the first discovery which allows to clearly link human deposits in circular pits and violence, probably armed conflicts," Chenal said. "It’s a very important result, but it raises more questions than it answers."

Sites specifically mentioned in the text marked within the approximate distribution of the LBK in Europe. Massacre sites: A, Schöneck-Kilianstädten; B, Talheim; C, Asparn/Schletz. Other sites: D, Herxheim; E, Vaihingen/Enz; F, Schwetzingen; G, Wiederstedt. Sites A, B, and D–G are located in Germany; site C is in Austria.

A Terrifying Discovery

In 2006, a group of road workers stumbled upon something absolutely shocking. Digging around the outskirts of Frankfurt, Germany, the group of men unearthed a mass grave filled with a large collection of human bones. A chilling sight, it was impossible to know how old the bones were or where they came from, but there were signs they traced back to thousands of years ago.

The Neolithic Age

Archaeologists call the Neolithic Age, the time of “linear pottery culture.” This was due to the fact that the people during that time lived in small villages and crafted ceramic objects, while sustaining themselves via primitive farming.

7,000 Years Ago

The people during this time lived over 7,000 years ago and introduced farming to Europe. Not much is known about the people of this time because there were no written records. Most archaeologists have to utilize speculation and minimal evidence in order to craft a realistic depiction of that period of time.

Digging Up the Dead

The workers were extremely disturbed by the unmarked grave, and immediately contacted the local authorities. The bones were removed and packaged up to be sent to the University of Mainz for further study. The team there would be led by Christian Meyer, a bio-archeologist with an interest in the Neolithic period.

Heinous Death

Although the bones were heavily decayed, the team was able to date the remains back over 7,000 years. It was determined the bones had most likely been thrown into a ditch in a hurry and then covered with a heavy layer of soil. Why would anyone do something so heinous?

26 Lost Souls

Once the bones were counted and sorted, the team identified remains from 26 different skeletons that were a mixture of both adults and children. However, knowing the farmers of the Neolithic period, Meyer determined this had not been a normal burial. Why? Well, during that time, the people buried their dead in individual graves with pottery and other valuables. This mass grave told a completely different story.

Meeting a Violent End

As the team continued to study the bones, it was determined that the deaths of these 26 souls had been violent. Some of the skulls revealed fractures from blunt force trauma and there were animal bone arrowheads embedded in some of the remains as well. It was possible that an entire village had been maliciously murdered. The question was…why and by whom?

A Grim Revelation

Meyer continued his investigation, which only revealed horrifying evidence that the people could have also been brutally tortured. The shin bones of many of the skeletons had been smashed, though it was impossible to know if the abuse happened before or after death. According to Meyer, if the victims had been tortured it shed a whole new light on this period of time, since these levels of barbarity had never been referenced during this era.

Torture Theory Rebuked

However, University of Illinois anthropologist, Lawrence Keeley takes issue with the torture theory. He explained in an interview that most torture practices focused on parts of the body with the most pain receptors such as the feet, hands or head. Breaking someone’s tibia wouldn’t be a popular torture method.

Warding Off Enemy Spirits

Meyer believed that it was possible the bodies were brutalized in an attempt to prevent enemy spirits from following the tribe home. It could have also been an act of revenge by crippling the enemy’s spirit in the afterlife via body mutilation after death.

Where Are the Women?

As the remains were catalogued, Meyer noticed that there were no young women among the bones. It was determined that the men of the village had most likely been killed and the younger women who were seen as child bearing were taken captive.

Wiping Out the Settlements

Archaeologist, Lawrence Keeley had this to say about the women’s fate. “The only reasonable interpretation of these cases, as here, is that a whole typically-sized linear pottery culture hamlet or small village was wiped out by killing the majority of its inhabitants and kidnapping the young women.”

 

Ofnet Caves, c. 6500 BC

Human sacrifice


Ofnet Caves

In Ofnet cave in Bavaria two pits contained the skulls and vertebrae of thirty-eight individuals, all stained with red ochre, dating to around 6.5 k.a. cal BC (Orschiedt 1998). The Ofnet finding most probably represents a massacre, which wiped out a whole community and was followed by the ceremonial burial of skulls. Most of the victims of deadly attacks were children; two-thirds of the adults were females, which led to the suggestion, that a temporary absence of males may have been the precipitating cause of the attack. Half the individuals were wounded before death by blunt mace-like weapons, with males and females and children all injured, but males having the most wounds.

 

Mass burial at Schletz-Asparn, c. 5500 BC

Human sacrifice

The mass grave near Schletz, part of Asparn an der Zaya, was located about 33 kilometres (roughly 20 miles) to the north of Vienna, Austria, and dates back about 7,500 years. Schletz, just like the Talheim death pit, is one of the earliest known sites in the archaeological record that shows proof of genocide in Early Neolithic Europe, among various LBK tribes. The site was not entirely excavated, but it is estimated that the entire ditch could contain up to 300 individuals. The remains of 67 people have been uncovered, all showing multiple points of trauma. Scientists have concluded that these people were also victims of genocide. Since the weapons used were characteristic of LBK peoples, the attackers are believed to be members of other LBK tribes. In similar proportions to those found at Talheim, fewer young women were found than men at Schletz. Because of this scarcity of young women among the dead, it is possible that other women of the defeated group were kidnapped by the attackers. The site was enclosed, or fortified, which serves as evidence of violent conflict among tribes and means that these fortifications were built as a form of defense against aggressors. The people who lived there had built two ditches to counter the menace of other LBK communities.

 

Talheim Death Pit, c. 5000 BC

Human sacrifice


Talheim Smrt Pit

The Talheim grave contained a total of 34 skeletons, consisting of 16 children, nine adult males, seven adult women, and two more adults of indeterminate sex. Several skeletons of this group exhibited signs of repeated and healed-over trauma, suggesting that violence was a habitual or routine aspect of the culture. Not all of the wounds, however, were healed at the time of death. All of the skeletons at Talheim showed signs of significant trauma that were likely the cause of death. Broken down into three categories, 18 skulls were marked with wounds indicating the sharp edge of adzes of the Linearbandkeramik or Linear Pottery culture (LBK); 14 skulls were similarly marked with wounds produced from the blunt edge of adzes, and 2–3 had wounds produced by arrows. The skeletons did not exhibit evidence of defensive wounds, indicating that the population was fleeing when it was killed.

 

Goseck circle, c. 4900 BC

Human sacrifice

Excavators also found the remains of what may have been ritual fires, animal and human bones, and a headless skeleton near the southeastern gate, that could be interpreted as traces of human sacrifice or specific burial ritual.

 

Mass burial at Herxheim, c. 5300 - 4950 BC

Ritual cannibalism


Ritual cannibalism in Herxheim


A cranial injury on the frontal bone of a roughly 8-year-old child.

Another Early Neolithic mass grave was found at Herxheim, near Landau in the Rhineland-Palatinate. The site, unlike the mass burials at Talheim and Schletz, serves as proof of ritual cannibalism rather than of the first signs of violence in Europe.

Herxheim contained 173 skulls and skull-plates, and the scattered remains of at least 450 individuals. Two complete skeletons were found inside the inner ditch. The crania from these bodies were discovered at regular intervals in the two defensive ditches surrounding the site. After the victims were decapitated, their heads were either thrown into the ditch or placed on top of posts that later collapsed inside the ditch. The heads showed signs of trauma from axes and one other weapon. Moreover, the organized placing of the skulls suggests a recurrent ritual act, instead of a single instance. Herxheim also contained various high-quality pottery artifacts and animal bones associated with the human remains. Unlike the mass burial at Talheim, scientists have concluded that instead of being a fortification, Herxheim was an enclosed center for ritual.


Herxheim (archaeological site)

 

Adam - Cain - Seth


Farming - naked plowman seal, Cain was to learn farming, while his brother Abel tended sheep

The evidence strongly suggests that the person whom the Bible called Adam was the one whom the Sumerians called Adapa, an Earthling "perfected" by Enki and deemed to have been genetically related to him. "Wide understanding Enki perfected for him, to disclose the designs of the Earth; to him he gave Knowing; but immortality he did not give him." "Portions of the "Tale of Adapa" have been found; the complete text might have well been the "Book of the Generations of Adam" to which the Old Testament refers. "....


Babylonian, Assyrian Tale Of The Line Of Cain

The Book of Genesis relates that the first son of Adam and Eve, Cain, "was a tiller of the earth," and his brother Abel "was a herder of sheep." "Cain had a son whom he named Enoch, and built a city called likewise, the name meaning "Foundation." The Old Testament, having no particular interest in the line of Cain, skips quickly to the fourth generation after Enoch, when Lamech was born. "....The pseudepigraphical Book of Jubilees, believed to have been composed in the second century B.C. from earlier material, adds the information that Cain espoused his own sister Awan and she bore him Enoch "at the close of the fourth Jubilee. And in the first year of the first week of the fifth Jubilee, houses were built on the earth, and Cain built a city and called its name Foundation, after the name of his son. The babylonian tablet in the British Museum (No 74329), catalogued as "containing an otherwise unknown myth." Yet it may in fact be a Babylonian/Assyrian version from circa 2000 B.C. of a missing Sumerian record of the Line of Cain! "As copied by A.R. Millard and translated by W.G. Lambert (Kadmos, vol. VI), it speaks of the beginnings of a group of people who were ploughmen, which correspons to the biblical "tiller of the land." They are called Amakandu - "People Who In Sorrow Roam"; it parallels the condemnation of Cain: "Banned be thou from the soil which hath received thy brother's blood . . . a restless nomad shalt thou be upon the earth." And, most remarkably, the Mesopotamian chief of these exiled people was called Ka'in! He built in Dunnu a city with twin towers Ka'in dedicated to himself the lordship over the city. "....After the death (or murder) of Ka'in, "he was laid to rest in the city of Dunnu, which he loved." As in the biblical tale, the Mesopotamian text records the history of four following generations: brothers married their sisters and murdered their parents, taking over the rulership in Dunnu as well as setting in new places, the last of which was named Shupat ("Judgement"). "....We also find among traditional Assyrian eponyms of royal names the combination Ashur-bel-Ka'ini ("Ashur, lord of the Ka'inites"); and the Assyrian scribes paralleled this with the Sumerian ASHUR-EN.DUNI ("Ashur is lord of Duni"), implying that the Ka'ini ("The people of Kain") and the Duni ("The people of Dun") were one and the same; and thus reaffirming the biblical Cain and Land of Nun or Dun.


Land of Nod (Don) - Caspian culture

"Having dealt briefly with the line of Cain, the Old Testament turned its full attention to a new line descended of Adam: "And Adam knew his wife again, and she bore a son, and called his name Seth, for [she said] the Lord hath granted me another offspring instead of Abel, whom Cain had slain." "....The name of Seth's son and the next pre-Diluvial patriarch in which the Bible was interested was Enosh; it has come to mean in Hebrew "Human, Mortal," and it is clear that the Old Testament considered him the progenitor of the human lineage at the core of the ancient chronicles. It states in respect to him, that "It was then that the name of Yahweh began to be called," that worship and priesthood began. "There are a number of Sumerian texts that shed more light on this intriguing aspect. The available portions of the Adapa text state that he was "perfected" and treated as a son by Enki in Enki's city Eridu. It is likely then, as William Hallo (Antediluvian Cities) had suggested that the great-grandson of Enosh was named Yared to mean "He of Eridu." Here, then, is the answer: While the Bible loses interest in the banished descendants of Adam, it focuses its attention on the patriarchs from Adam's line who had stayed in southern Mesopotamia - and were the first to be called to priesthood. "In the fourth generation after Enosh the firstborn son was named Enoch; scholars believe that here the name's meaning stemmed from a variant of the Hebrew root, connoting "to train, to educate." Of him the Old Testament briefly states that he "had walked with the Deity" and did not die on Earth, "for the Deity had taken him." The sole verse in Genesis 5:24 is substantially enlarged upon in the extra-biblical Books of Enoch. They detail his first visit with the Angels of God to be instructed in various sciences and ethics. Then, after returning to Earth to pass the knowledge and the requisities of priesthood to his sons, he was taken aloft once more, to permanently join the Nefilim in their celestial abode.There is another indication of priests who were able to approach the gods: "The Sumerian King Lists record the priestly reign of Enmeduranki in Sippar.... Enmeduranki [was] a prince in Sippar, Beloved of Anu, Enlil and Ea. Shamash in the Bright Temple appointed him. Shamash and Adad [took him] to the assembly [of the gods]... They showed him how to observe oil on water, a secret of Anu, Enlil and Ea. They gave him the Divine Tablet, the kibdu secret of Heaven and Earth...

 

Kajin ode ispred lica Jahvina u zemlju Nod


Cain, Land of Nod, c. 4500 BC

Kajin (crveni) ode ispred lica Jahvina u zemlju Nod (Don River - Khvalynsk culture), istočno od Edena, i ondje se nastani. ... Ada rodi Jabala, koji je postao praocem onih što pod šatorima žive sa stokom (Sredny Stog). (21) Bratu mu bijaše ime Jubal. On je praotac svih koji sviraju na liru i sviralu (Hurrians). (22) Sila rodi Tubal-Kajina, praoca onih koji kuju bakar i željezo (Pontus-Maykop).

Sinovi su Jafetovi: Gomer, Magog, Madaj, Javan, Tubal, Mešak, Tiras. (Tubal-Kajin = Pontus + Maykop)
  • Jabal - šatorima žive sa stokom (Sredny Stog)
  • Jubal - Among the Hurrian texts from Ugarit are the oldest known instances of written music, dating from c. 1400 BCE. (Hurrians Hurrian song)
  • Tubal - Tibareni, proto-gruzijsko pleme nastanjeno duž crnomorske obale Anatolije (antički Pontus).

Jabal, Jubal, Tubal, Korijenski minimun BL (Bijelo) = Bijeli
Tubal-Kajin = Bijelo-Crveno (Bijeli-Crveni) - Cannibal potjeće od biblijskog Cain

 

Kajinovo potomstvo = Šetovo potomstvo

  • Kajinovo potomstvo = Šetovo potomstvo
    • Lamek (Kajin) = Lamek (Šet)
    • Metušael = Metušalah
    • Mehujael = Mahalalel
    • Irad = JeredEridu
    • Henok (Kajin) = Henok (Šet) = Anakim or Anunnaki

In ancient Egypt, the god Seth was said to have been red-haired, and redheads were claimed to have worshipped the god devoutly. See G. A. Wainwright, The Sky-Religion in Egypt: Its Antiquity and Effects, Cambridge University Press, 1938, pgs 31, 33, 53.

 

Tubal-cain


Estela antropomorfa de Minuciano III, Pontremoli, Italia


Tubal-cain

 

Red Hair and Royalty

British royals


The picture depicts some of the red-haired daughters of Edward IV and Elizabeth Woodville.


Henry II


Richard the Lionheart


Elizabeth Woodville


Elizabeth of York


Elizabeth I


Alexander II, King of Scotland


Mary Queen of Scots

The father of Henry II, Geoffrey Plantagenet, was a redhead. He was described as "handsome, red-headed, jovial, and a great warrior."

Mary Tudor, Queen of France was likewise red-haired.

As was Simon de Montfort, 5th Earl of Leicester. He was one of the leaders of the Albigensian Crusade and was renowned for his cruelty. I came across the following passage on a web-page about the Cathars;

It is in Toulouse that the commander Simon de Montfort - known as "The butcher of Occitanie", or "The Crusade Lion" (depending on the side!)- finds his end his skull crushed in 1218 by a catapulted stone thrown by the women of the city (he was recognized by his distinct red hair!!).

Another Earl with red hair was Gilbert de Clare, 7th Earl of Gloucester. He was known as the Red Earl because of it.

The Holy Roman Emperors Otto II and Otto III were also red-haired. In fact, Otto II was known as Otto the Red. Other red-haired Holy Roman Emperors include Frederick I Barbarossa and Frederick II. The following is a description of Frederick II given by the chronicler Sibt Ibn al-Jawzi;

"The Emperor was covered with red hair, was bald and myopic. Had he been a slave, he would not have fetched 200 dirhams at market."

Baldwin IV, King of Jerusalem was also ginger. He was known as the leper and was described as "a blue-eyed, freckled, leprous evil-doer."

Other noted red-haired royals include Isabella I of Castile, Joanna of Castile (aka Joanna the Mad) and Louis II, King of Hungary, Bohemia and Croatia.

 

Grendel - Cain

First battle: Grendel

Beowulf begins with the story of Hrothgar, who constructed the great hall Heorot for himself and his warriors. In it he, his wife Wealhtheow, and his warriors spend their time singing and celebrating. Grendel, a troll-like monster said to be descended from the biblical Cain, is pained by the sounds of a joy he cannot share, attacks the hall, and kills and devours many of Hrothgar's warriors while they sleep. Hrothgar and his people, helpless against Grendel, abandon Heorot.

Beowulf, a young warrior from Geatland, hears of Hrothgar's troubles and with his king's permission leaves his homeland to assist Hrothgar.

Beowulf and his men spend the night in Heorot. Beowulf refuses to use any weapon because he holds himself to be the equal of Grendel. When Grendel enters the hall, Beowulf, who has been feigning sleep, leaps up to clench Grendel's hand. Grendel and Beowulf battle each other violently. Beowulf's retainers draw their swords and rush to his aid, but their blades cannot pierce Grendel's skin. Finally, Beowulf tears Grendel's arm from his body at the shoulder and Grendel runs to his home in the marshes where he dies.

Second battle: Grendel's Mother

The next night, after celebrating Grendel's defeat, Hrothgar and his men sleep in Heorot. Grendel's mother, angry that her son has been killed, sets out to get revenge. She violently kills Æschere, who is Hrothgar's most loyal fighter.

Hrothgar, Beowulf and their men track Grendel's mother to her lair under a lake. Unferth, a warrior who had doubted him and wishes to make amends, presents Beowulf with his sword Hrunting. After stipulating a number of conditions to Hrothgar in case of his death (including the taking in of his kinsmen and the inheritance by Unferth of Beowulf's estate), Beowulf jumps into the lake, at the bottom of which he finds a cavern containing Grendel's body and the remains of men that the two have killed. Grendel's mother and Beowulf engage in fierce combat.

At first, Grendel's mother appears to prevail. Beowulf, finding that Hrunting cannot harm his foe, puts it aside in fury. Beowulf is again saved from his opponent's attack by his armour. Beowulf takes another sword from Grendel's mother and slices her head off with it. Travelling further into Grendel's mother's lair, Beowulf discovers Grendel and severs his head. The blade of Beowulf's sword touches Grendel's toxic blood, and instantly dissolves so that only the hilt remains. Beowulf swims back up to the rim of the pond where his men wait in growing despair. Carrying the hilt of the sword and Grendel's head, he presents them to Hrothgar upon his return to Heorot. Hrothgar gives Beowulf many gifts, including the sword Nægling, his family's heirloom. The events prompt a long reflection by the king, sometimes referred to as "Hrothgar's sermon", in which he urges Beowulf to be wary of pride and to reward his thegns. Beowulf returns home and eventually becomes king of his own people.


Grendel's Mother

  • In the classic poem Beowulf, the monstrous Grendel and his mother are said to be descended from Cain.
  • The expression "Cain-coloured beard" (Cain was traditionally considered to have red hair) is used in Shakespeare's The Merry Wives of Windsor (1602).

 

Žrtvovanja crvenokosih ljudi u Europi

Brončano i željezno doba

Znanstvenici već više od vijeka pokušavaju otkriti zašto su žitelji brončanog i željeznog doba žrtvovali ljude (uglavnom crvene ili bakrene kose) ubijajući ih na najgore moguće načine, bacajući ih kasnije u močvare pune treseta. Za sada je isti uzorak žrtvovanja na sjevernom dijelu Europe otkriven na preko 200 različitih lokaliteta koji se nalaze od Danske i sjeverne Njemačke preko Nizozemske i srednje Britanije do Irske. Samom činjenicom da su nevjerojatno dobro očuvane mumije pronađene na toliko širokom području pokazuje da je opskurni fenomen ljudskog žrtvovanja bio relativno ukorijenjen na područjima Europe.

Odlika ovih mumija, osim dobre očuvanosti, je mjesto na kojem su pronađene. Sve one su otkrivene u tresetištima i močvarama što je omogućilo njihovu konzervaciju nakon što ih je prekrio mulj bez kisika koji je usput imao i protugljivična svojstva. Povrh toga, vode močvara su bile izrazito kisele, otkrila je Heather Gill-Robinson.

Profesorica Heather Gill-Robinson sa Sveučilišta Sjeverne Dakote je pokrenula ponovno istraživanje mumija iz željeznog doba. Otkriće polaganog mučenja na ostatku tijela dječaka iz Windebya je omogućeno pretragama s trodimenzionalnom magnetskom rezonancom, kojom su ustanovljene mnoge psihičke i fizičke odlike ljudi koji su završili život na tako brutalan način. Znanstvenike je posebno interesirao omjer muškaraca i žena i njihovo stanje prije ritualnog mučenja i smrti, interesantno je kako su sve crvenokose mumije bile u relativno dobrom stanju, a posebno se pazilo na njihovo uređenje, uključujući i stvaranje kompliciranih stiliziranih frizura. Nepoznato je jesu li se žrtve same uređivale ili im je u tome pomagala zajednica u kojoj su bili zatočeni, a još se manje može nagađati jesu li prije toga bili dugo zatočeni i kakav im je bio društveni status.

Mumije iz močvara koje je pregledala Heather Gill-Robinson su pronađene u periodu između 1871. i 1960. godine. Ona i njen tim su na ispitivanje mumija potrošili četiri godine. No osim otkrivanja pikanterije o mumiji iz Windebya, Heather Gill-Robinson nije uspjela odgovoriti na mnoga pitanja vezana uz same rituale žrtvovanja.

Doktor Alfred Dieck je katalogizirao 1850 mumija iz močvara od 1965. pronađenih tijela u močvarama od kojih su neki bili tek kosturi. On je primijetio kako se moralo raditi o ritualima zbog mnogih poveznicama i karakteristikama pronađenih mumija od svezanih ruku i omči na vratovima do rupa od udaraca u lubanjama, ubodima po tijelu i sličnim povredama.

U nekim slučajevima, ovi ljudi su bili dekapitirani tako da im tijela ili glave nisu nikada našli. No osim načina na koji su skončali svoje živote, te iste ljude povezuju slične ili gotovo iste fizičke odlike kao što je crvena kosa ili kosa bakrene boje.

Pored zajedničkih fizičkih odlika i činjenice kako su svi bili pomno uređeni, ne preostaje nam nego da se zapitamo zašto je žrtvama kosa bila uređena u komplicirane frizure dok je odjeća i obuća često bile kvalitete koja se mogla smatrati luksuzom za to doba?

Iako postoje brojne pretpostavke, većina znanstvenika smatra da su žrtvovani ljudi bili pripadnici visoke klase. Dokaz za takvo stanovište se pronašao i u trbusima žrtvovanih ljudi, naime, oni su bili jako dobro hranjeni, nihova prehrana se sastojala od ribe, močvarnih ptica, mesa divljači, različitih variva, pa čak i neke vrste kaše od korjenastog bilja pomiješane s velikim komadima različitih vrsta dimljenog mesa.

Najnovija mumija je iz 16. vijeka i pronađena je u Irskoj. Nosi naziv djevojka iz Meenybraddena i ne zna se je li ovo već djelo ubijanja i kažnjavanja vještica, no način na koji je ova jadna žena skončala ima iste oznake mučenja kao i većina mumija iz močvara.

S druge strane Atlantika, naročito u kulturama srednje Amerike nalaze se zapisi o žrtvovanju crvenokosih pa čak i plavokosih ljudi. Zbog nekog razloga crvenokosi ljudi su se smatrali opasnošću za narod, naročito za vrijeme klimatskih promjena.

Možda bi razlog za žtvovanje riđokosih ljudi mogao objasniti neandertalskim nasljeđem, jer je poznato kako su nenadertalci bili uglavnom riđe ili bakarne boje kose, dok je tek manji dio neandertalske populacije imao zagasito tamno smeđu boju kose, poput primjeraka nenadertalki pronađenih na području Hrvatske.

 

Was Jesus A Ginger?

Normally we're used to seeing Judas portrayed in paintings with red hair, however in many cases Jesus likewise is depicted as a redhead. In fact, research into the Rabbula Gospels (the earliest dated Christian manuscript) has revealed that some of the images in the document have been repainted, and that the hair of Jesus Christ had been changed from curly red to straight black.

The Letter of Lentulus, an epistle supposedly sent by Publius Lentulus to the Roman Senate, but thought by scholars to be a forgery, also describes a red-haired Jesus. Stating that his hair was the "colour of the ripe hazel-nut". Some Islamic accounts describe Jesus with a reddish complexion as well. One stating that he was "a reddish man with many freckles on his face as if he had just come from a bath". I'll share some of the paintings I've come across which depict a red-haired Jesus below.

The painting above is by the Italian artist Agnolo di Cosimo (1503 - 1572), more commonly known as Il Bronzino. It's titled Pieta and shows Jesus with striking red hair and a gingerish complexion. Mary Magdalene is likewise depicted with bright red hair.

The picture below is titled Ecce Homo and is by the Flemish artist Abraham Janssens (1567 - 1632). In it Jesus is portrayed with both reddish hair and beard.

Next up is a painting titled the Altarpiece of the Lamentation and is by the painter Joos van Cleve (1485 - 1540/1541). Once again Jesus is portrayed with reddish hair and beard. The women accompanying him are likewise red haired.

The following picture shows the Madonna with the child Jesus and is said to be by Leonardo da Vinci (1452 - 1519), although there is some contention over this. Both mother and child are shown with royal red hair. It's titled Madonna Litta.

Michelangelo also painted Christ with reddish hair. The following image is from The Last Judgement and can be found on the altar wall of the Sistine Chapel.

This next one depicts the "Kiss of Judas" and is from the Siena Cathedral crypt. Both Jesus and Judas are shown with red hair, as are the people depicted in the background.

The following painting is by the artist Gentile da Fabriano (1370 - 1427) and shows Jesus, the Virgin Mary and John the Evangelist. All three with hair of a strawberry-blond colouring.

This next one is a very cool image and one I've only recently came across. It depicts Jesus with stark white skin, draped in red, and against a jet black background. A glimmer of shiny red hair (at least I think it's hair) can be seen above the forehead. The overall image is quite striking. It's titled Ecce Homo and is by the artist Jose de Ribera (1591 - 1652).

 

This next image is said to have been painted by a follower of Jose de Ribera and shows a young Christ in discussion with scholars at the Temple. Once again Christ is given reddish hair. It's titled Jesus and the doctors of Faith.

 

And last up quite a well known red-haired depiction of Christ; Christ in the House of His Parents by the Pre-Raphaelite artist John Everett Millais (1829 - 1896). Charles Dickens famously described the boy in the painting as a "wry-necked, blubbering, redheaded boy, in a bed-gown."

 

Of course, we should finally state that Jesus is a symbolic representation of the highest spirit that can be attained by man, and as such transcends all superficial notions of race, colour and ethnicity :p ..in this modern age he should also be genderless too - an androgynous rainbow-coloured uber-Christ of sorts.

Vampires and Judas

There are legends that link vampires with both red hair and Judas. It's said that Judas became the first vampire when he committed suicide following his betrayal of Christ. The thirty pieces of silver he received for this betrayal then becoming a weapon that could be used against him, burning his skin with its touch. Much like the way a crucifix burns vampires in B-movies, and hence the use of silver bullets in vampire and werewolf lore.

Of course, we know from previous discussions that red hair was heavily associated with Judas in the medieval period. The link with vampires then comes full circle when we add to the mix the fact that in Eastern Europe red hair was associated with vampires.

The following comes from Montague Summers' book The Vampire, His Kith and Kin (1928);

Red was the colour of the hair of Judas Iscariot, and of Cain ...I have not met with the following tradition save orally, but it is believed in Serbia, Bulgaria, and Rumania, that there are certain red-polled vampires who are called "Children of Judas," and that these, the foulest of the foul, kill their victim with one bite or kiss which drains the blood as it were at a single draught. The poisoned flesh of the victim is wounded with the Devil's stigmata, three hideous scars shaped thus, XXX, signifying the thirty pieces of silver, the price of blood.

Gruesome.

On the topic of Judas and Eastern Europe another avenue of intrigue worthy of investigation is the mystery surrounding the so-called Red Jews. The Red Jews were a Jewish tribe or nation that appear in German sources during the medieval era. The reason for the name "Red" is contested, but some believe they were called as such because they had red hair.

In fact, some people equate them with the Khazars, a Turkic nation that supposedly adopted Judaism in the 8th century. The Khazars were described by Arab scholars as being red-haired and blue-eyed. The following comes from the Wikipedia page about the Khazars;

In terms of caste or class, some evidence suggests that there was a distinction, whether racial or social is unclear, between "White Khazars" (ak-Khazars) and "Black Khazars" (qara-Khazars). The 10th-century Muslim geographer al-Istakhri claimed that the White Khazars were strikingly handsome with reddish hair, white skin, and blue eyes, while the Black Khazars were swarthy, verging on deep black, as if they were "some kind of Indian" ...Khazars are generally described by early Arab sources as having a white complexion, blue eyes, and reddish hair.

Red hair was also associated with the Jews that lived in Poland. I found this passage in an article titled Red Hair: A Mutation, A Royal Trait, and Sometimes a Curse by Aminah Sheikh;

From my research, I found out that Poland was heavily populated with the Ashkenazic Jews, who are also known for their red hair. In a 1990 article titled "Polish Jewish History," the author stated that "During the eighteenth century, at least, about half of the urban population of Poland was Jewish" (Hundert). Therefore, it seems safe to say that they were Ashkenazic Jews and not Sephardic Jews because they were from Poland. In an article titled, "On the Racial Characteristics of Modern Jews," researchers found that there were "...thrice as many red-haired individuals as either Poles, Russians, or Austrians, and half as many again as Germans."

I also found this passage on the Wikipedia page for Red Hair;

Red hair is also fairly common amongst the Ashkenazi Jewish populations, possibly because of the influx of European DNA over a period of centuries. In European culture, prior to the 20th century, red hair was often seen as a stereotypically Jewish trait: during the Spanish Inquisition, all those with red hair were identified as Jewish. In Italy, red hair was associated with Italian Jews, and Judas was traditionally depicted as red-haired in Italian and Spanish art.

The idea that all redheads were identified as Jewish during the Spanish Inquisition is especially interesting.

Incidentally, the image seen at the top of this page looks strikingly Judas-like to me - red hair, hanging (albeit from the foot), holding what look like money bags. However, although it looks like Judas, it is in fact an image of the hanged man and supposedly comes from the oldest-known Tarot pack - thought to have been made for the French king Charles VI in 1392.

When I did a brief bit of research about Tarot Cards I came across the following bit of interesting information. Like playing cards, tarot cards contain four suits - Wands, Cups, Swords and Pentacles. And like playing cards each suit has character cards as well as number cards - in this case King, Queen, Page and Knight.

Anyway, I was surprised to learn that each suit represented a different racial type. The Wands were ruddy, red-haired and hazel/blue eyed. The Cups fair, blond and blue-eyed. The Swords fair, dark-haired and dark-eyed. And the Pentacles were swarthy, dark-haired and dark-eyed. Hence all that "you will meet a tall dark stranger" stuff.

On a similar theme another bit of red hair folklore I came across was this little passage that I found in a work titled Gypsy Sorcery and Fortune Telling, by Charles Godfrey Leland (1891);

For easy childbirth red hair is sewed in a small bag and carried on the belly next the skin during pregnancy. Red hair indicates good luck, and is called bala kameskro, or sun-hairs, which indicates its Indian origin.

On the topic of childbirth I also found this brief mention of red hair in a book about Thomas Cromwell. It cropped up in a passage about idols that were being removed from churches by Protestant reformers.

The image of St Anne of Buxton and also the image of St Modwen of Burton, with her red hair and her staff which women labouring of child in those parts were very desirous to have with them to lean upon and walk with and had great confidence in the staff.

St Modwen (also Modwenna) was an English nun and saint. Modwenna sounds a little bit like Madonna to my ears, so maybe we're seeing another variant on the red-haired Madonna/Magdalene theme here.

Finally, with all this talk of Judas being a redhead I thought I'd end on the idea that Jesus was a redhead. I came across this passage in an article on Wikipedia about British Israelism;

Apocryphal historical texts are also often cited which describe Jesus as golden or red haired, these include the Description of Jesus by Publius Lentulus which describes the hair of Jesus as chestnut (reddish-brown) and his eyes bright blue[.]

The Description of Jesus by Publius Lentulus is generally believed to be a forgery, but then again what religious text isn't a forgery

Witchcraft and Heresy

Red hair was apparently a sign of witchcraft in Christian Europe and it's said that it was often seen as a marker of guilt in the eyes of witch finders. To what extent this is true we'll probably never truly know, but it does appear from the evidence that red hair was certainly seen as untrustworthy and something that aroused suspicion. What follows are examples of this prejudice.

The Distrust of Redheads

There are many examples of redheads being stereotyped as untrustworthy in medieval times. The "Proverbs of Alfred" warn not to choose a red-haired person as a friend and the "Secretum Secretorum" warns against using redheads as advisors. Another manuscript, from the 14th century, notes that redheads are rarely faithful in friendship and a work published in 1659 denounced the "vulgar error" of "censuring red-haired men."

These ideas of untrustworthiness run parallel with the idea that Judas, Christ's betrayer, had red hair. In fact Judas was frequently portrayed with red hair or a red beard in the artwork of the Middle Ages. The author Ruth Mellinkoff, in her excellent book, "Outcasts," commented upon this prejudice, believing it to be a product of red hair's minority status in society.

"Red hair, a red beard, and ruddy skin - separately or combined - have been considered suspect, impure, and dangerous because they did not meet the standards of the normal...[w]hat is essential to keep in mind is that they are minority features in all racial and ethnic groups, even among the Irish, who are widely thought to have more redheads."

She also relates an early example of Christian condemnation of red hair, quoting from a letter from St. Jerome which gave advice on raising daughters.

"Do not dye her hair red and thereby presage for her the fires of hell."

For some reason, the medieval mind also attributed magical properties to the bodily fluids of redheads. For example, it was believed that the fat from a red-haired man could be used to make poison. Likewise, Theophilus Presbyter stated that the blood of a red-haired man was needed to turn copper into gold. The urine from red-haired boys was also used to make the paint for stained glass windows.

Of all the European countries it would seem that the French had the lowest opinion of red hair. As late as the 19th century the phrase "poil de Judas" (hair of Judas) was still being used to describe the trait and as early as 1500 witches in France would often blaspheme the name of the Virgin Mary, referring to her as "la Rousse" - the redhead. There was even a twelfth century French scholar who belittled one of his rivals by constantly ridiculing his red hair.

However, one figure from French history who bucked this trend was Cyrano de Bergerac. He positively lionised red hair. He wrote:

"A brave head covered with red hair is nothing else but the sun in the midst of his rays, yet many speak ill of it, because few have the honour to be so. Do we not see that all things in nature are more or less red? Among the elements, he that contains the most essence and the least substance is the fire, because of his colour. Gold hath received of his dye, the honour to reign over metals and of all planets the sun is most considered only because he is most red. The best-balanced constitution is that which is between phlegmatic and melancholy. The flaxen and black are beside it - that is to say the fickle and obstinate, between both is the medium, where wisdom in favour of red-haired men hath lodged virtue, so their flesh is much more delicate, their blood more pure, their spirits more clarified, and consequently their intellects more accomplished, because of the mixture of the four qualities."

 

Mary Magdalene


Mary Magdalene; by El Greco ca. 1580

Beloved Disciple in the Gospel of John really was originally Mary Magdalene. That Mary's separate existence in the two common scenes with the Beloved Disciple [Jn 19:25-27][20:1-11] were later modifications, hastily done to authorize the gospel in the late 2nd century. Both scenes are claimed to have inconsistencies both internally and in reference to the synoptic Gospels, possibly coming from rough editing to make Mary Magdalene and the Beloved Disciple appear as different persons.

In the Gospel of Mary, part of the New Testament apocrypha - specifically the Gnostic gospels uncovered at Nag Hammadi - a certain Mary who is commonly identified as Mary Magdalene is constantly referred to as being loved by Jesus more than the others. In the Gospel of Philip, another Gnostic Nag Hammadi text, the same is specifically said about Mary Magdalene. For example, compare these passages from the Gospel of John and the apocryphal Gospel of Philip:

Gospel of Philip: There were three who always walked with the Lord: Mary his mother and her sister and Magdalene, the one who was called his companion. His sister and his mother and his companion were each a Mary.

Gospel of John:  Near the cross of Jesus stood his mother, his mother's sister, Mary the wife of Clopas, and Mary Magdalene. When Jesus saw his mother there, and the disciple whom he loved standing nearby, he said to his mother, "Dear woman, here is your son," and to the disciple, "Here is your mother." From that time on, this disciple took her into his home. [Jn 19:25-27]

Disciple whom Jesus loved

 

Gnostička evanđelja nam govore tko je taj učenik kojeg je Isus ljubio.

I družica [...] Marija Magdalena. [... ljubio] nju više nego [ostale] učenike [i običavao je] ljubiti [često] njezine [...]. Ostali [učenici 64 ...]. Rekoše mu, "Zašto nju voliš više nego nas?" - Evanđelje po Filipu

Petar reče Mariji, "Sestro, znamo da te učitelj ljubio više od ostalih žena. Reci nam, po sjećanju svojemu, koje su bile riječi Spasitelja - riječi koje ti znaš (a) mi ih ne znamo, niti smo ih čuli.".. - Evanđelje po Mariji

Petar također progovori o istom pitanju. Ispitivao ih je o Spasitelju: "Je li on doista razgovarao sa ženom, bez našeg znanja (i) u tajnosti? Zar ćemo je poslušati? Zar je nju ljubio više od nas?".. - Evanđelje po Mariji

Ako ju je Spasitelj učinio dostojnom, tko si ti da je odbacuješ? Spasitelj je zasigurno dobro poznaje, i zato ju je ljubio više nego nas. - Evanđelje po Mariji

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